|00:01||Welcome to the spoken tutorial on Installing Ubuntu Linux OS in a VirtualBox.|
|00:08||In this tutorial, we will learn how to install Ubuntu Linux 16.04 in a VirtualBox on a Windows base machine.|
|00:18||This tutorial is recorded using Windows OS version 10,|
|00:23||VirtualBox version 5.2.18,|
|00:27||Ubuntu Linux 16.04 OS.|
|00:31||Before we begin, please make sure that you are connected to the internet.|
|00:36||To install an OS inside a VirtualBox, the base machine should have the following configuration.|
|00:43||i3 processor or higher,|
|00:46||RAM 4GB or higher,|
|00:49||Hard disk free space 50GB or more and|
|00:54||Virtualization should be enabled on BIOS.|
|00:58||This will ensure that the VirtualBox will work smoothly.|
|01:03||Before we start installing, kindly cross-check whether the System type is 32-bit or 64-bit.|
|01:12||To do so, go to the search box next to the Start menu. Type About your PC.|
|01:22||Select About your PC.|
|01:25||Under System type, we can see whether we are running a 32-bit or 64-bit version of Windows.|
|01:34||Here, in my case, it is 64-bit Windows.|
|01:39|| Based on your System type, download the suitable Ubuntu Linux 16.04 ISO from this link:
http colon double slash releases dot ubuntu dot com slash 16.04
|01:59|| For 32-bit, it will be:
ubuntu hyphen 16.04.5 hyphen desktop hyphen i386 dot iso
|02:12|| For 64-bit, it will be:
ubuntu hyphen 16.04.5 hyphen desktop hyphen amd64 dot iso
|02:26||As mentioned earlier, my Windows System type is 64-bit.|
|02:31||Hence, I have downloaded the ubuntu hyphen 16.04.5 hyphen desktop hyphen amd64.iso file for this demonstration.|
|02:45||First, we will learn how to create a virtual machine inside the VirtualBox.|
|02:52||On the Desktop, double-click on the VirtualBox icon to launch it.|
|02:59||At the top of the VirtualBox window, locate the blue color icon New and click on it.|
|03:06||In the Create Virtual Machine window which opens, we can see the page Name and Operating system.|
|03:14||Under the Name text box, type the name you wish to give.
I will type Ubuntu.
|03:22||Then under the drop-down Type, select Linux.|
|03:27||From the drop-down Version, I will select Ubuntu (64-bit).|
|03:33||In case your base machine is 32-bit, then select Ubuntu (32-bit) from the drop-down.|
|03:40||And, click on the Next button at the bottom of the window.|
|03:44|| The next page is Memory size.
Here, we allocate the size of the RAM for the virtual machine.
|03:52||Use the slider or the text-box to allocate the size for the RAM.|
|03:58||Since the unit says MB, I will type 4048 in the text-box.|
|04:05||This will allocate 4GB of RAM to this virtual machine.|
|04:11||If the system memory of the base machine is only 4GB, then allocate 2GB for the virtual machine.|
|04:19||Now, click on the Next button at the bottom of the window.|
|04:24||On the Hard disk page, we have to decide which type of virtual hard disk we are going to use.|
|04:32||I’m creating a new virtual machine. So, I will select Create a virtual hard disk now.|
|04:39||This option could be already selected by default for you.|
|04:44||Click on the Create button at the bottom.|
|04:48|| In the Hard disk file type, select VDI (Virtual Disk Image).
And, click on the Next button at the bottom of the window.
|04:59|| In the next page, Storage on physical hard disk, we have to decide how our hard disk storage has to be.
There are two options here.
|05:11||Dynamically allocated option will expand the hard disk storage based on the usage.|
|05:19|| Fixed Size will allocate the size which we define.
I will choose Fixed size.
|05:27||Now click on the Next button to proceed.|
|05:31||The next page File location and size, is to allocate the hard disk size.|
|05:38||Here you can see the name Ubuntu which we gave earlier.|
|05:44||Also, to the right we can see a folder icon.|
|05:48|| If you wish to save this Virtual Disk Image in another location, click on this icon and proceed.
I’m skipping this part for this demonstration.
|06:02||Next use the slider or the textbox to allocate the hard disk size.|
|06:09||The recommended size is 10GB but I will change it to 20GB.|
|06:16||Then, click on the Create button at the bottom.|
|06:20|| This will create a new Virtual Machine base with the details we have provided so far.
This may take some time to create.
|06:31||Once the Virtual Machine is created, we can see it on the left side.|
|06:37||Here is the Virtual Machine, Ubuntu, which we created just now.|
|06:42||This indicates that we have successfully created the Virtual Machine that is the VM.|
|06:49||Next, let us install Ubuntu Linux 16.04 on it.|
|06:55||By default, the Virtual Machine will be in Power off mode.|
|07:00||Select the Virtual Machine, Ubuntu.
Then at the top, click on the Start button with the green color arrow.
|07:09|| A new window will pop up and ask us to select the virtual optical disk file or a physical optical drive.
Locate the folder icon and click on it.
|07:22||Now, browse and select the file ubuntu hyphen 16.04.5 hyphen desktop hyphen amd64.iso which we had downloaded earlier.|
|07:37||And, click on the Open button at the bottom.|
|07:41|| Now we will be redirected to the previous screen.
Notice that ubuntu hyphen 16.04.5 hyphen desktop hyphen amd64.iso is now selected.
|07:56||Click on the Start button at the bottom to start the installation.|
|08:02||We can see here that Ubuntu Linux is loading.|
|08:07||The first screen we see, has three options.|
|08:11|| On the left, we can see a list of languages.
Select the language that you prefer.
|08:18||By default, English is selected. I will leave this selection as it is.|
|08:25||At the center we can see two options, Try Ubuntu and Install Ubuntu.|
|08:31||If you wish to try the look and feel of Ubuntu before installing, click on Try Ubuntu.|
|08:38|| Else, directly click on Install Ubuntu.
I will click on the option Install Ubuntu.
|08:47|| The next page shows two options.
Downloading update while installing Ubuntu
And, Installing some third-party software during the installation.
|09:00||I will skip these and click on Continue button at the bottom.|
|09:05|| The third page is one of the important steps during Ubuntu Linux installation.
Here, we have to decide where we are going to install Ubuntu Linux.
|09:18|| Something else.
This is a good option if we are installing Ubuntu on our machine directly, without VirtualBox.
|09:28||With this option we can have a dual boot OS in our base machine.|
|09:34||As I’m working on a VirtualBox, I will select Erase disk and install Ubuntu.|
|09:41||This option will erase the entire Virtual hard disk and install Ubuntu OS as a single partition.|
|09:49||Then click on Install Now button at the bottom.|
|09:53||A pop-up window Write the changes to the disks? opens.|
|09:59||Here, click on Continue button.|
|10:03|| Next comes the page- Where are you?
I am in India, so I will click on India.
|10:11|| In the text-box located below, it says Kolkata.
Based on our selection, it will set the time zone.
|10:21||Click on Continue at the bottom.|
|10:24||Now, we have to select our Keyboard layout.|
|10:28||By default, English (US) will be selected on both the sides.|
|10:34||If you wish to change the language, then select the desired option.
I will proceed with English (US).
|10:42||Click on the Continue button at the bottom.|
|10:46|| The final step is to provide the login details.
I will fill the Your name field as spoken.
|10:55|| Immediately, the fields Computer’s name and Pick a username will be filled based on our input.
You can change these values if you wish.
|11:07|| Next, in the Choose a password text-box, type the password for your Ubuntu Linux OS.
I will type spoken.
|11:18||In the Confirm your password text-box, retype the same password.|
|11:24||Kindly note down this password, as this is the admin password for this Ubuntu Linux OS.|
|11:32|| Below the password textbox, we can see some more options.
I will select Require my password to login.
|11:42||This will insist that the user enters the password every time he/she logs in.|
|11:49||Click on Continue to proceed with the installation.|
|11:53||The installation may take some time to complete.|
|11:58||Once the installation is complete, we can see a dialog-box that says Installation Complete.|
|12:06||In that dialog box, click on Restart Now button.|
|12:11|| A screen appears saying that Ubuntu is loading.
It will prompt us to press Enter to remove the installation medium.
|12:20|| For eg: CD/USB Stick etc.
Press Enter on your keyboard.
|12:28||This will start this Virtual Machine and take us to the login page.|
|12:34||Login with the details which we gave during the installation.|
|12:39|| We are brought to the Ubuntu 16.04 Desktop.
This indicates that we have successfully completed the installation.
|12:49|| To shut down Ubuntu, click on the power icon at the top right corner.
And, select Shut Down option.
|12:58||In the popup which appears, click on the large Shut Down button.|
|13:04||Immediately, the Ubuntu window gets closed and we are back to the VirtualBox manager.|
|13:11|| With this, we come to the end of this tutorial.
Let us summarize.
|13:16||In this tutorial, we have learnt to create a Virtual Machine in a VirtualBox,|
|13:24||install Ubuntu Linux 16.04 on the Virtual Machine.|
|13:30|| The video at the following link summarizes the Spoken Tutorial project.
Please download and watch it.
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|13:54|| Spoken Tutorial Project is funded by NMEICT, MHRD, Government of India.
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|14:06|| The script and video has been contributed by NVLI and Spoken Tutorial team.
And this is Nancy Varkey from IIT Bombay, signing off.
Thank you for joining.