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00:01 Welcome to the spoken tutorial on Installing Ubuntu Linux OS in a VirtualBox.
00:08 In this tutorial, we will learn how to install Ubuntu Linux 16.04 in a VirtualBox on a Windows base machine.
00:18 This tutorial is recorded using Windows OS version 10,
00:23 VirtualBox version 5.2.18,
00:27 Ubuntu Linux 16.04 OS.
00:31 Before we begin, please make sure that you are connected to the internet.
00:36 To install an OS inside a VirtualBox, the base machine should have the following configuration.
00:43 i3 processor or higher,
00:46 RAM 4GB or higher,
00:49 Hard disk free space 50GB or more and
00:54 Virtualization should be enabled on BIOS.
00:58 This will ensure that the VirtualBox will work smoothly.
01:03 Before we start installing, kindly cross-check whether the System type is 32-bit or 64-bit.
01:12 To do so, go to the search box next to the Start menu. Type About your PC.
01:22 Select About your PC.
01:25 Under System type, we can see whether we are running a 32-bit or 64-bit version of Windows.
01:34 Here, in my case, it is 64-bit Windows.
01:39 Based on your System type, download the suitable Ubuntu Linux 16.04 ISO from this link:

http colon double slash releases dot ubuntu dot com slash 16.04

01:59 For 32-bit, it will be:

ubuntu hyphen 16.04.5 hyphen desktop hyphen i386 dot iso

02:12 For 64-bit, it will be:

ubuntu hyphen 16.04.5 hyphen desktop hyphen amd64 dot iso

02:26 As mentioned earlier, my Windows System type is 64-bit.
02:31 Hence, I have downloaded the ubuntu hyphen 16.04.5 hyphen desktop hyphen amd64.iso file for this demonstration.
02:45 First, we will learn how to create a virtual machine inside the VirtualBox.
02:52 On the Desktop, double-click on the VirtualBox icon to launch it.
02:59 At the top of the VirtualBox window, locate the blue color icon New and click on it.
03:06 In the Create Virtual Machine window which opens, we can see the page Name and Operating system.
03:14 Under the Name text box, type the name you wish to give.

I will type Ubuntu.

03:22 Then under the drop-down Type, select Linux.
03:27 From the drop-down Version, I will select Ubuntu (64-bit).
03:33 In case your base machine is 32-bit, then select Ubuntu (32-bit) from the drop-down.
03:40 And, click on the Next button at the bottom of the window.
03:44 The next page is Memory size.

Here, we allocate the size of the RAM for the virtual machine.

03:52 Use the slider or the text-box to allocate the size for the RAM.
03:58 Since the unit says MB, I will type 4048 in the text-box.
04:05 This will allocate 4GB of RAM to this virtual machine.
04:11 If the system memory of the base machine is only 4GB, then allocate 2GB for the virtual machine.
04:19 Now, click on the Next button at the bottom of the window.
04:24 On the Hard disk page, we have to decide which type of virtual hard disk we are going to use.
04:32 I’m creating a new virtual machine. So, I will select Create a virtual hard disk now.
04:39 This option could be already selected by default for you.
04:44 Click on the Create button at the bottom.
04:48 In the Hard disk file type, select VDI (Virtual Disk Image).

And, click on the Next button at the bottom of the window.

04:59 In the next page, Storage on physical hard disk, we have to decide how our hard disk storage has to be.

There are two options here.

05:11 Dynamically allocated option will expand the hard disk storage based on the usage.
05:19 Fixed Size will allocate the size which we define.

I will choose Fixed size.

05:27 Now click on the Next button to proceed.
05:31 The next page File location and size, is to allocate the hard disk size.
05:38 Here you can see the name Ubuntu which we gave earlier.
05:44 Also, to the right we can see a folder icon.
05:48 If you wish to save this Virtual Disk Image in another location, click on this icon and proceed.

I’m skipping this part for this demonstration.

06:02 Next use the slider or the textbox to allocate the hard disk size.
06:09 The recommended size is 10GB but I will change it to 20GB.
06:16 Then, click on the Create button at the bottom.
06:20 This will create a new Virtual Machine base with the details we have provided so far.

This may take some time to create.

06:31 Once the Virtual Machine is created, we can see it on the left side.
06:37 Here is the Virtual Machine, Ubuntu, which we created just now.
06:42 This indicates that we have successfully created the Virtual Machine that is the VM.
06:49 Next, let us install Ubuntu Linux 16.04 on it.
06:55 By default, the Virtual Machine will be in Power off mode.
07:00 Select the Virtual Machine, Ubuntu.

Then at the top, click on the Start button with the green color arrow.

07:09 A new window will pop up and ask us to select the virtual optical disk file or a physical optical drive.

Locate the folder icon and click on it.

07:22 Now, browse and select the file ubuntu hyphen 16.04.5 hyphen desktop hyphen amd64.iso which we had downloaded earlier.
07:37 And, click on the Open button at the bottom.
07:41 Now we will be redirected to the previous screen.

Notice that ubuntu hyphen 16.04.5 hyphen desktop hyphen amd64.iso is now selected.

07:56 Click on the Start button at the bottom to start the installation.
08:02 We can see here that Ubuntu Linux is loading.
08:07 The first screen we see, has three options.
08:11 On the left, we can see a list of languages.

Select the language that you prefer.

08:18 By default, English is selected. I will leave this selection as it is.
08:25 At the center we can see two options, Try Ubuntu and Install Ubuntu.
08:31 If you wish to try the look and feel of Ubuntu before installing, click on Try Ubuntu.
08:38 Else, directly click on Install Ubuntu.

I will click on the option Install Ubuntu.

08:47 The next page shows two options.

Downloading update while installing Ubuntu

And, Installing some third-party software during the installation.

09:00 I will skip these and click on Continue button at the bottom.
09:05 The third page is one of the important steps during Ubuntu Linux installation.

Here, we have to decide where we are going to install Ubuntu Linux.

09:18 Something else.

This is a good option if we are installing Ubuntu on our machine directly, without VirtualBox.

09:28 With this option we can have a dual boot OS in our base machine.
09:34 As I’m working on a VirtualBox, I will select Erase disk and install Ubuntu.
09:41 This option will erase the entire Virtual hard disk and install Ubuntu OS as a single partition.
09:49 Then click on Install Now button at the bottom.
09:53 A pop-up window Write the changes to the disks? opens.
09:59 Here, click on Continue button.
10:03 Next comes the page- Where are you?

I am in India, so I will click on India.

10:11 In the text-box located below, it says Kolkata.

Based on our selection, it will set the time zone.

10:21 Click on Continue at the bottom.
10:24 Now, we have to select our Keyboard layout.
10:28 By default, English (US) will be selected on both the sides.
10:34 If you wish to change the language, then select the desired option.

I will proceed with English (US).

10:42 Click on the Continue button at the bottom.
10:46 The final step is to provide the login details.

I will fill the Your name field as spoken.

10:55 Immediately, the fields Computer’s name and Pick a username will be filled based on our input.

You can change these values if you wish.

11:07 Next, in the Choose a password text-box, type the password for your Ubuntu Linux OS.

I will type spoken.

11:18 In the Confirm your password text-box, retype the same password.
11:24 Kindly note down this password, as this is the admin password for this Ubuntu Linux OS.
11:32 Below the password textbox, we can see some more options.

I will select Require my password to login.

11:42 This will insist that the user enters the password every time he/she logs in.
11:49 Click on Continue to proceed with the installation.
11:53 The installation may take some time to complete.
11:58 Once the installation is complete, we can see a dialog-box that says Installation Complete.
12:06 In that dialog box, click on Restart Now button.
12:11 A screen appears saying that Ubuntu is loading.

It will prompt us to press Enter to remove the installation medium.

12:20 For eg: CD/USB Stick etc.

Press Enter on your keyboard.

12:28 This will start this Virtual Machine and take us to the login page.
12:34 Login with the details which we gave during the installation.
12:39 We are brought to the Ubuntu 16.04 Desktop.

This indicates that we have successfully completed the installation.

12:49 To shut down Ubuntu, click on the power icon at the top right corner.

And, select Shut Down option.

12:58 In the popup which appears, click on the large Shut Down button.
13:04 Immediately, the Ubuntu window gets closed and we are back to the VirtualBox manager.
13:11 With this, we come to the end of this tutorial.

Let us summarize.

13:16 In this tutorial, we have learnt to create a Virtual Machine in a VirtualBox,
13:24 install Ubuntu Linux 16.04 on the Virtual Machine.
13:30 The video at the following link summarizes the Spoken Tutorial project.

Please download and watch it.

13:38 The Spoken Tutorial Project team conducts workshops using spoken tutorials and gives certificates.

For more details, please write to us.

13:50 Please post your timed queries in this forum.
13:54 Spoken Tutorial Project is funded by NMEICT, MHRD, Government of India.

More information on this mission is available at this link.

14:06 The script and video has been contributed by NVLI and Spoken Tutorial team.

And this is Nancy Varkey from IIT Bombay, signing off.

Thank you for joining.

Contributors and Content Editors

Nancyvarkey, PoojaMoolya, Sandhya.np14