Title: Installing Ubuntu 16.04 in VirtualBox
Author: Praveen S
Keywords: Ubuntu Installation, VirtualBox, Virtual machine, Linux Installation, Ubuntu 16.04, Setup Virtual Machine, Spoken Tutorial, Video Tutorial
|Slide: Introduction||Welcome to the spoken tutorial on Installing Ubuntu Linux OS in a VirtualBox.|
| Slide: Learning Objective
|| In this tutorial we will learn:
|Slide: System Requirements|| This tutorial is recorded using
Before we begin, please make sure that you are connected to the Internet.
|Slide: System requirements for VirtualBox|| To install an OS inside a VirtualBox, the base machine should the following configuration.
This will ensure that the VirtualBox will work smoothly.
|Only Narration||Before we start installing, kindly cross-check whether the System type is 32-bit or 64-bit.|
| Start -> About your PC
|| To do so, first go to the search bar next to the Start menu
|Slide: Download Ubuntu 16.04||
|Only Narration|| As mentioned earlier, my Windows System type is 64-bit.
| Show Desktop
|| First we will learn how to create a virtual machine inside the VirtualBox.
|Click on New||At the top of the VirtualBox window, locate the blue color icon New and click on it.|
|Name: Ubuntu|| In the Create Virtual Machine window which opens, we can see the page Name and Operating system.
|Type -> Linux||Then under the dropdown Type, select Linux.|
|Version -> Ubuntu (64-bit)|| From the dropdown Version, I will select Ubuntu (64-bit).
|Click on Next||And click on the Next button at the bottom of the window.|
| The next page is Memory size.
|Point to the slider and text box||Use the slider or the text box to allocate the size for the RAM.|
| In textbox type, 4048
|| Since the unit says MB, I will type 4048 in the textbox.
|Click on Next||Now click on the Next button at the bottom of the window.|
|On the Hard disk page, we have to decide which type of virtual hard disk we are going to use.|
|Point to Create a virtual hard disk now|| I’m creating a new virtual machine, so I will select Create a virtual hard disk now.
|Click on Next||Click on the Create button at the bottom.|
|Select VDI >> click on Next|| In the Hard disk file type, select VDI (Virtual Disk Image)
|Point both options|| In the next page Storage on physical hard disk, we have to decide how our hard disk storage has to be.
|Highlight Dynamically allocated||Dynamically allocated option will expand the hard disk storage based on the usage.|
|Highlight Fixed size >> select Fixed size|| Fixed Size will allocate the size which we define.
|Click Next||Now click on the Next button to proceed.|
|The next page File location and size, is to allocate the hard disk size.|
|Point to Ubuntu||Here you can see the name Ubuntu which we gave earlier.|
|Point to the folder icon|| Also to the right we can see a folder icon.
|Point to the slider and textbox||Next use the slider or the textbox to allocate the hard disk size.|
|Change 10GB to 20GB||The recommended size is 10GB, but I will change it to 20GB.|
|Click on Create||Then click on the Create button at the bottom.|
|Only Narration|| This will create a new Virtual Machine base with the details we have provided so far.
|Point to the newly created VM “Ubuntu”|| Once the Virtual Machine is created, we can see it on the left side side.
|Next let us install Ubuntu Linux 16.04 on it.|
| Select the Virtual Machine, Ubuntu >> click on the Start button at the top
|| By default, the Virtual Machine will be in Power off mode.
| Highlight the text “select the virtual optical disk file or a Physical optical drive”
|| A new window will popup and ask us to select the virtual optical disk file or a physical optical drive.
|Browse and open the Ubuntu iso file||Now browse and select the file ubuntu-16.04.5-desktop-amd64.iso which we had downloaded earlier.|
|Click on Open||And click on the Open button at the bottom.|
|Point to ubuntu-16.04.5-desktop-amd64.iso|| Now we will be redirected to the previous screen.
|Click on the Start button||Click on the Start button at the bottom to start the installation.|
|Only Narration||We can see here that Ubuntu Linux is loading.|
|Welcome Screen||The first screen we see, has three options.|
| Point to the left side language list
|| On the left we can see a list of languages.
|Point to English||By default, English is selected. I will leave this selection as it is.|
|Point to Try Ubuntu and Install Ubuntu.||At the center we can see two options, Try Ubuntu and Install Ubuntu.|
|Point to Try Ubuntu||If you wish to try the look and feel of Ubuntu before installing, click on Try Ubuntu.|
| Point to Install Ubuntu.
|| Else directly click on Install Ubuntu.
|Point to respective options|| The next page shows two options.
Downloading update while installing Ubuntu
|Click on Continue button||I will skip these and click on Continue button at the bottom|
|Only Narration|| The third page is one of the important steps during Ubuntu Linux installation.
|Point to Something else|| Something else.
This is a good option if we are installing Ubuntu on our computer directly, without VirtualBox.
| Click on Erase disk and install Ubuntu
|| As I’m working on a VirtualBox, I will select Erase disk and install Ubuntu
|Click on Install Now||Then click on Install Now button at the bottom.|
|Click on continue|| A popup window Write the changes to the disks? opens.
|Next comes the page, Where are you?|
| Click on India in the map
|| I’m in India, so I will click on India.
|Click on Continue||Click on Continue at the bottom.|
|Keyboard layout||Now we have to select our Keyboard layout.|
| Point to English (US)
|| By default, English (US) will be selected on both the sides.
|Click Continue||Click on the Continue at the bottom.|
| Who are you?
|| The final step is to provide the login details.
| Type the name as Spoken
|| Immediately the fields Computer’s name and Pick a username will be filled based on our input.
| Type password as spoken
|| Next in the Choose a password textbox, type the password for your Ubuntu OS.
|Retype the password, spoken|| In the Confirm your password textbox, retype the same password.
| Point to the options
|| Below the password textbox, we can see some more options.
|Click on Continue||Click on Continue to proceed with the installation.|
|Only Narration||The installation may take some time to complete.|
| Installation Complete
|| Once the installation is complete, we can see a dialog box that says Installation Complete.
|Press Enter|| A screen appears saying that Ubuntu is loading.
For eg: CD/USB Stick, etc.
|Login as spoken, spoken|| This will start this Virtual Machine and take us to the login page.
|Show Ubuntu Desktop|| We are brought to the Ubuntu 16.04 Desktop.
| Click on the Wheel Icon on the top left
|| To shut down Ubuntu, click on the power icon at the top right corner.
|Click on Shut Down||In the popup which appears, click on the large Shut Down button.|
|Show VirtualBox manager||Immediately the Ubuntu window gets closed and we are back to the VirtualBox manager.|
| With this we come to the end of this tutorial.
|Slide: Summary|| In this tutorial, we have learnt to
About Spoken Tutorial project
| The video at the following link summarises the Spoken Tutorial project.
|Slide: About Workshop|| The Spoken Tutorial Project team conducts workshops using spoken tutorials and gives certificates.
|Slide: Forum questions||Please post your timed queries in this forum.|
|Slide: Acknowledgement|| Spoken Tutorial Project is funded by NMEICT, MHRD, Government of India.
|Slide: Thanks|| The script and video has been contributed by NVLI and Spoken Tutorial team.