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Time Narration
00:01 Welcome to the Spoken Tutorial on Introduction to LibreOffice Draw.
00:06 In this tutorial, we will learn about:LibreOffice Draw and the LibreOffice Draw Workspace and
00:13 the context menu.
00:15 We will also learn how to: Create, save, close and open a Draw file Enable toolbars Set up the Draw page and
00:25 Insert basic shapes.
00:28 If you do not have LibreOffice Suite installed, Draw can be installed by using Synaptic Package Manager.
00:35 For more information on Synaptic Package Manager, please refer to the Ubuntu Linux Tutorials on this website
00:43 and download LibreOffice Suite by following the instructions on this website.
00:48 Detailed instructions are available in the first tutorial of LibreOffice suit.
00:54 Remember, when installing, use the Complete option to install Draw.
00:59 LibreOffice Draw is a vector-based graphics software.
01:03 It allows you to create a wide range of vector graphics.
01:08 There are two major types of graphics – vector based graphics and bitmaps.
01:13 Vector graphics are created and edited using LibreOffice Draw.
01:18 The other is bitmap or the raster image.
01:21 Popular bitmap formats are 'BMP', 'JPG', 'JPEG' and 'PNG'.
01:30 Let us understand the difference between the two types by comparing the image formats.
01:35 The picture on the left is a vector graphic.
01:38 The one on the right is a bitmap.
01:41 Notice, what happens when the pictures are enlarged.
01:45 The vector graphic is clear; the bitmap image becomes blurred.
01:51 Vector-based graphics software stores images using lines and curves as mathematical formulae.
01:58 Therefore, when the images are resized, the picture quality is unaffected.
02:04 A bitmap uses pixels or a series of very small dots of colors in a grid or a square.
02:11 Can you see the small squares as we enlarge the picture?
02:15 These are the grids.
02:17 The small dots make up the color in each grid.
02:20 You may have noticed one other difference - bitmaps are rectangular in shape.
02:26 Vector graphics, however, can be in any shape.
02:30 Now that we know about vector graphics, let us learn how to create them using Draw.
02:36 Here, we are using: Ubuntu Linux' version 10.04 as our operating system and LibreOffice Suite version 3.3.4.
02:46 To open a new Draw file, click on the Applications option at the top left corner of the screen.
02:54 And then click on Office and then on LibreOffice.
02:59 A dialog-box opens up with various LibreOffice components.
03:03 Click on Drawing.
03:05 This will open an empty Draw file.
03:09 Let’s name our Draw file and save it.
03:12 Click on File in the Main menu and choose the “Save as” option.
03:18 The “Save as” dialog-box is displayed.
03:21 Let us type the name “WaterCycle” in the field File Name.
03:26 It's a good practice to assign a name that is relevant to the drawing.
03:31 The default file type for Draw files is the dot odg format ('.odg').
03:37 Using the Browse folders field, let us save this file on the Desktop.
03:42 Click on Save.
03:44 The file is saved as “WaterCycle”.
03:47 The Draw file with the file name and the extension is displayed in the Title bar.
03:53 We will learn how to create a picture of the water-cycle as shown in this slide.
03:59 We shall complete this picture in stages.
04:02 Each basic level tutorial will demonstrate how you can create different elements of this picture.
04:09 At the end of the basic level of Draw tutorials, you will also be able to create a similar diagram by yourself.
04:17 First, let us familiarize ourselves with the Draw workspace or the Draw window.
04:23 The Main menu lists all the options that we can use in Draw.
04:27 The Pages panel on the left, displays all the pages in the 'Draw' file.
04:32 The space where we create graphics is called a Page.
04:37 There are three layers in each page.
04:39 They are the Layout, Controls and Dimensions Lines.
04:44 The Layout layer is displayed, by default.
04:47 This is where we create most of our graphics.
04:51 We will work only with the Layout layer.
04:54 Let us now explore the various toolbars available in LibreOffice Draw.
04:59 To view the toolbars available in Draw, go to the Main menu and click on View and then on Toolbars.
05:07 You will see a list of all the available tools.
05:11 There is a check-mark to the left of certain toolbars.
05:15 This means the toolbar is enabled and is visible in the Draw window.
05:20 The option Standard has a check.
05:23 You can see the Standard toolbar on the window.
05:27 Let us now uncheck the Standard toolbar by clicking on it.
05:32 You see the Standard toolbar is no longer visible.
05:36 Let’s make it visible again.
05:39 Similarly, you can enable and disable the other toolbars too.
05:44 Before we draw the basic shapes for the water cycle diagram, let us set the page to Landscape view.
05:51 To do this, right-click on the page and choose the Page option.
05:56 Various sub-options are displayed.
05:59 Click Page Setup option.
06:02 The Page Setup dialog-box is displayed.
06:06 Under Page Format, we can see the Format field.
06:10 Here, we will choose A4 as this is the most common paper size used for printing.
06:17 When you select the format, the Width and Height fields are automatically filled with the default values.
06:25 Under the Orientation option, let us select Landscape.
06:29 To the right of the Paper format fields, you will see a tiny preview of the Draw page.
06:36 Click on OK.
06:38 Let us begin by drawing the sun.
06:41 On the Drawing toolbar, click on the small black triangle next to Basic Shapes.
06:47 Click on Circle.
06:49 Now, bring the cursor to the page >> hold the left mouse button and drag.
06:56 A circle is drawn on the page.
06:59 Now, let us draw a cloud next to the sun.
07:03 To do this, go to the drawing toolbar and select the “Symbol Shapes”.
07:08 Click on the small black triangle, next to Symbol Shapes and select the Cloud.
07:14 On the Draw page, place the cursor next to the sun.
07:18 Hold the left mouse button and drag.
07:21 You have drawn a cloud!
07:23 Next, let us draw a mountain.
07:25 We shall select Basic shapes again and click on Isosceles triangle.
07:30 We shall insert a triangle in the Draw page, as we did before.
07:35 Now, we have inserted three shapes.
07:38 Remember to save your file every time you make a change.
07:42 Press the Ctrl+S keys together, to do this.
07:48 You can also set a time interval to save the changes automatically.
07:53 To do this: Go to the Main menu and select Tools.
07:57 Under Tools, click on Options.
08:00 The Options dialog-box appears.
08:03 Click on the plus sign next to Load/Save. Next, click on General. >> From the check-boxes on the right, >>
08:11 check the box Save AutoRrecovery information every and type “2”.
08:17 This means that the file will automatically be saved once every two minutes.
08:22 Click OK.
08:24 Let us now close this file by clicking on File and >> Close.
08:29 To open an existing Draw file- click on the File menu in the menu bar, at the top, and then click on the Open option.
08:38 A dialog-box appears on the screen.
08:41 Here, find the folder where you saved your document.
08:46 Select the file you want to open and click Open.
08:51 Here is an assignment for you.
08:53 Create a new Draw file and save it as MyWaterCycle.
08:57 Set the Page Orientation to Portrait.
09:00 Insert a cloud, a star and a circle.
09:04 Now, change the page Orientation to Landscape.
09:07 See how the placements of the figures change.
09:11 This brings us to the end of this tutorial on Introduction to LibreOffice Draw.
09:16 In this tutorial, we learnt about:
09:19 LbreOffice Draw
09:21 The LibreOffice Draw Workspace and
09:23 The context menu.
09:25 We also learnt to:
09:27 Create, save, close and open a Draw file
09:31 Enable toolbars
09:33 Set up the Draw page and
09:35 Insert basic shapes.
09:38 Watch the video available at the following link.
09:42 It summarizes the Spoken Tutorial project.
09:45 If you do not have good bandwidth, you can download and watch it.
09:49 The Spoken Tutorial project team:
09:52 Conducts workshops using spoken tutorials.
09:55 Gives certificates for those who pass an online test.
09:59 For more details, please write
10:05 Spoken Tutorial project is a part of the Talk to a Teacher project.
10:09 It is supported by the National Mission on Education through ICT, MHRD, Government of India.
10:17 More information on this mission is available at:
10:28 This tutorial has been contributed by DesiCrew Solutions Pvt. Ltd. Thanks for joining.

Contributors and Content Editors

Gaurav, Minal, PoojaMoolya, Pratik kamble, Sandhya.np14, Sneha