Health-and-Nutrition/C2/Powder-recipes-for-6-to-24-months-old-children/English-timed

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Time
Narration
00:01 Welcome to the Spoken tutorial on Nutritious powder recipes for 6 to 24 month old children.
00:08 In this tutorial we will learn various recipes of nutritious powders such as-
00:14 amylase powder
00:17 powder of seeds
00:19 powder of nuts and seeds
00:22 powder of beans
00:24 powder of curry leaves
00:26 and powder of drumstick leaves
00:29 There are various nutritious powders which can be made at home without much effort.


00:36 These powders have nutrients which support the growth and development of infants.
00:42 It is recommended that:
00:44 These powders should be given to the baby when she completes 6 months of age.
00:51 Whenever any powder is introduced to a baby-
00:54 It should be added in baby’s food for 3 or 4 consecutive days.
00:59 After 3 or 4 days, introduce a new powder to the baby.
01:05 These two powders can be mixed but both powders should have been tried individually
01:10 and the baby should not have had any allergies like rashes or swelling on the face and the body.
01:19 Whenever any powder containing allergens such as nuts is introduced to the child, then-


01:26 start with the small portion such as the tip of a teaspoon
01:31 wait for 10 minutes and then gradually feed it to the child.
01:36 Please, do not add salt in baby’s food till she turns one.
01:41 Also, do not include sugar and jaggery until the baby is 2 years of age.
01:47 Now let’s learn how to make these nutritious powders at home.
01:52 But before that keep in mind-
01:54 The recipes in this tutorial have been made using the following methods-
02:00 Soaking

Roasting

02:03 germination
02:05 and cooking
02:07 Cooking may include any one or combination of following methods:


02:12 dry roasting
02:14 steaming

and boiling

02:17 All these methods will reduce Phytates and Oxalates in the food which prevents absorption of minerals from the food
02:26 and will improve nutrient absorption from the food.
02:30 Now, let’s begin with our first recipe:
02:33 Amylase powder

But first, let us discuss the benefits of it-

02:39 Amylase is an enzyme or chemical required for the digestion of food.
02:45 It is produced in a limited amount in the baby’s body.
02:50 This powder provides additional amylase and
02:53 increases nutrient content and absorption from the food in which it is added.
02:59 Thus, amylase rich flour or amylase powder should be given to the baby.
03:05 Let's learn the recipe for Amylase powder.
03:08 Ingredients required for making Amylase powder are-
03:13 ½ cup of Wheat
03:15 ½ cup of Green Gram and
03:17 ½ cup of Ragi
03:19 Procedure:

First, soak all the items separately in water for around 10 hours.

03:25 Soaking will improve the moisture content of ingredients.
03:29 After 10 hours remove all the items.
03:33 Keep them in a strainer and let all the water drain out.
03:38 Then, one by one tie all the ingredients in a clean and dry cotton cloth.
03:43 Keep them aside till they sprout.
03:46 This process is called Germination.
03:49 Note that-
03:51 Some items will take longer time and
03:53 Some will take a shorter period of time for germination.
03:57 Here, Ragi will take longer time than other ingredients.
04:02 After germination dry them in the sunlight for a day or two.
04:07 After drying, roast all the items on a low flame till they completely dry off.
04:14 Remember:

During roasting, continuous stirring is required.

04:20 Next, separate the outer cover of all items by rubbing between clean hands.
04:26 After removing the outer cover, mix all the ingredients.
04:30 Now make a powder of this mixture using the grinder.
04:35 And the Amylase powder is ready.
04:39 Store this Amylase powder in an airtight container.
04:43 One can add 1 teaspoon of Amylase powder in various baby food before cooking such as-
04:49 thick dals
04:51 vegetable puree

and khichdi

04:54 Otherwise, one can also make a porridge of Amylase powder.
04:59 1 teaspoon of Amylase powder gives
05:02 around 18 calories and
05:04 0.6 grams of protein
05:07 Amylase powder has some unique properties which makes it special for a baby.
05:13 It decreases the thickness of the food.
05:16 Hence, more amylase powder can be added in baby's food.
05:20 As it reduces the bulk of the baby's food and makes it nutrient-dense.
05:27 Next, we will learn the recipe for powder of seeds.
05:31 This powder is rich in Zinc,

fibre,

05:35 Magnesium

and Calcium.

05:38 These nutrients help in bone development and improve the strength of the baby.
05:43 Also this powder is a source of good fat which supports brain development in children.
05:50 The three different seeds required to make this powder are-
05:54 ½ cup of black Sesame seeds,
05:57 ½ cup of Flax seeds and
05:59 ½ cup of raw Pumpkin seeds
06:02 Procedure:

One by one dry roast all the seeds on a low flame for around 4 to 5 minutes.

06:10 Once cooled, make a powder of all roasted items.
06:14 Keep this powder in an airtight jar.
06:18 One teaspoon of this powder should be added to the baby’s food just before cooking.
06:23 It will provide-

around 30 calories and

06:26 2.7 grams of protein.
06:30 Our next recipe is powder of nuts and seeds.
06:34 This powder is rich in minerals such as Zinc,
06:37 Magnesium,
06:39 Iron, etc.
06:41 These minerals play a major role in production of red blood cells.
06:46 Also, this powder is a source of good fat which supports brain development in children.
06:53 The ingredients required for making a powder of nuts and seeds are-
06:58 ½ cup of peanut
07:00 ½ cup of dried shredded coconut.
07:02 ½ cup of flax seeds and
07:05 ½ cup of black sesame seeds
07:08 Procedure:

One by one dry roast all the seeds and nuts on a medium flame for around 4 to 6 minutes.

07:16 Then, make a powder of all the roasted seeds by using a stone grinder or a mixer grinder.
07:23 Keep this powder in an airtight container.
07:26 1 teaspoon of this powder can be added in the baby’s food before cooking.
07:32 It provides-

around 28 calories and

07:35 0.9 grams of protein
07:38 Now we will learn the recipe for powder of Beans.
07:42 This powder is rich in 'Potassium,
07:45 Protein,

Folate,

07:47 Magnesium, etc.
07:49 These nutrients help in bone development and improve the strength of the baby.
07:54 They are also required for the production of red blood cells in our body.
07:59 Ingredients required for making powder of Beans are:
08:03 ½ cup of Green Gram,
08:05 ½ cup dried Green Peas,
08:07 ½ cup of Chickpeas and
08:09 ½ cup of Moth beans
08:11 Procedure:

First soak all the items in water separately for 10 hours.

08:17 Soaking will improve the moisture content of ingredients.
08:20 After 10 hours remove all the items.
08:23 Keep them in a sieve and let all the water drain out.
08:27 Then, one by one tie all the beans in a clean and dry cotton cloth.
08:32 Keep them aside till they sprout.
08:34 This entire process is called germination.
08:38 Please note: As we discussed earlier, the duration of germination will be different for each ingredient.
08:45 After germination dry them in the sunlight for a day or two.
08:50 Then, roast all the beans on a medium flame till they completely dry off.
08:55 During roasting,

continuous stirring is required.

08:59 It will avoid burning of all ingredients.
09:02 After roasting-

separate outer cover of all dried beans by rubbing between clean hands.

09:09 Now grind all the beans together and make a powder of it.
09:13 Keep this powder in an airtight container.
09:16 Two teaspoons of this powder should be added to the baby’s food during cooking.
09:21 Two teaspoons of this powder provide
09:23 Around 33 calories and
09:26 1.8 grams of Protein.
09:28 Next, we will learn the recipe for powder of curry leaves:
09:32 Curry leaves are rich in fibre,
09:34 Iron,

Calcium

09:36 and Vitamin C.
09:38 All these nutrients play a vital role in digestion and tooth development.
09:43 Also they boost the immunity of the baby.
09:46 We will need-

Curry leaves for making this powder.

09:49 Procedure-

Wash curry leaves thoroughly in clean water.

09:53 Let them dry under the shade.
09:55 Then, make a powder of these dried curry leaves and
09:58 store this powder in an airtight container.
10:02 ¼ teaspoon of this powder can be added in baby’s food before cooking.
10:07 It gives around 9 milligrams of calcium.
10:10 Next let’s learn, how to make the powder of Drumstick leaves-
10:15 This powder contains a good amount of Calcium,
10:18 Iron,

Vitamin C,

10:20 Vitamin A,

Protein

10:22 and Sulphur.
10:23 These nutrients are required for the development of gums
10:27 and the healthy eyes of the baby.
10:30 They fight against infection and improves the strength of the baby.
10:35 We will require drumstick leaves for making this powder.
10:39 Procedure-

First wash all the drumstick leaves thoroughly in clean water.

10:45 Dry these leaves under the shade.
10:47 Now make a powder of these dried drumstick leaves
10:51 and store this powder in an airtight container.
10:54 .1/4 teaspoon of this powder should be added to the baby’s food before cooking.
10:59 .It will provide around 5 milligrams of Calcium.
11:03 Apart from these always remember the following-
11:07 Curry leaves powder and drumstick leaves powder should be given with Calcium rich food such as-
11:13 roasted Sesame seeds
11:15 sprouted Chickpeas
11:17 sprouted Bengal gram, etc.
11:20 Once the baby completes 9 months,
11:23 these powders can be given with curd.
11:26 Also, one can use any local and seasonal nuts, seeds and beans for making these powder recipes.
11:34 Don’t forget to add these powders in every meal of your baby.
11:38 And each powder should be added before cooking as the powder needs to be cooked along with the meal.
11:47 This brings us to the end of this tutorial.

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Contributors and Content Editors

Bellatony911, PoojaMoolya, Rajani st, Sandhya.np14