Health-and-Nutrition/C2/Powder-recipes-for-6-to-24-months-old-children/English-timed

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Time Narration
00:00 Welcome to this spoken tutorial on Nutritious powder recipes for 6 to 24 months old children.
00:08 In this tutorial, we will learn various recipes of nutritious powders such as-
00:15 Amylase powder,
00:17 powder of seeds,
00:18 powder of nuts and seeds,
00:20 powder of beans,
00:22 powder of curry leaves,
00:24 powder of drumstick leaves.
00:27 There are various nutritious powders which can be made at home without much effort.
00:33 Let’s learn how to make these nutritious powders.
00:38 These powders have nutrients which support the growth and development of infants.
00:44 It is recommended that these powders should be given to the baby when she completes 6 months of age.
00:52 Whenever a new food is introduced to a child, it should be given for 3 or 4 consecutive days.
01:00 After 3 or 4 days, introduce a new food to the child.
01:05 These two foods can be mixed but both foods should have been tried individually. And, the child should not have had any allergies like rashes or swelling on the face and the body.
01:20 Whenever a new food containing allergens such as nuts is introduced to a child, then start with the small portion such as tip of a teaspoon.
01:30 Wait for 10 minutes and then gradually feed it to the child.
01:35 Please, do not add sugar, salt or any kind of spices in the baby’s food till she is one year of age.
01:44 Now let’s begin with our first recipe- Amylase powder.
01:49 But, first let us discuss the benefits of it.
01:53 Amylase is an enzyme or chemical required for the digestion of food.
01:59 It is produced in limited amount in the baby’s body.
02:03 This powder provides additional amylase and increases nutrient content and absorption from the food.
02:12 Thus, amylase rich flour or amylase powder should be given to a baby.
02:18 Let’s learn the recipe for amylase powder.
02:22 Ingredients required for making amylase powder are- half cup of wheat,
02:27 half cup of green gram and
02:29 half cup of ragi.
02:32 Procedure: First, soak all the items separately in water for around 10 hours.
02:39 Soaking will improve the moisture content of ingredients.
02:42 After 10 hours, remove all the items.
02:46 Keep them in a strainer and let all the water drain out.
02:50 Then, one by one, tie all the ingredients in a clean and dry cotton cloth.
02:55 Keep them aside till they sprout.
02:58 This process is called germination.
03:01 Note that some items will take longer time and some will take shorter period of time for germination.
03:08 Here, Ragi will take longer time than other ingredients.
03:14 After germination dry them in the sunlight for a day or two.
03:19 After drying, roast all the items on a low flame till they completely dry off.
03:25 Remember, during roasting, continuous stirring is required.
03:30 Next, separate the outer cover of all items by rubbing between clean hands.
03:36 After removing the outer cover, mix all of the ingredients.
03:41 Now, make a powder of this mixture using the grinder.
03:45 And, the amylase powder is ready.
03:48 Store this amylase powder in an airtight container.
03:52 One can either add 1 teaspoon of amylase powder in baby’s food during cooking.
03:59 Or, one can also make a porridge of amylase powder.
04:03 1 teaspoon of amylase powder gives around 18 calories and 0.6 grams of protein.
04:10 100 grams of amylase powder gives around 360 calories and 12 grams of protein.
04:17 Amylase powder has some unique properties which makes it special for a baby.
04:23 It decreases the thickness of food and makes it more palatable for a baby.
04:28 It lowers the dietary bulk and increases the energy density of baby’s food.
04:34 Next, we will learn the recipe for powder of seeds.
04:38 This powder is rich in Zinc, fiber, Magnesium and Calcium.
04:44 These nutrients help in bone development and improves the strength of the baby.
04:50 Also, this powder is a source of good fat which supports brain development in children.
04:57 The 3 different seeds required to make this powder are- half cup of black sesame seeds,
05:03 half cup of flax seeds and
05:05 half cup of raw pumpkin seeds.
05:08 Procedure: One by one, dry roast all the seeds on a low flame for around 4 to 5 minutes.
05:16 Once cooled, make powder of all the roasted items.
05:20 Keep this powder in an airtight jar.
05:23 One teaspoon of this powder should be added in the baby’s food just before feeding.
05:29 It will provide around 30 calories and 2.7 grams of protein
05:36 100 grams of powder of seeds will give around 600 calories and 55 grams of protein.
05:43 Our next recipe is powder of nuts and seeds.
05:47 This powder is rich in minerals such as Zinc, Magnesium, Iron etc.
05:53 These minerals play major role in production of red blood cells.
05:57 Also, this powder is a source of good fat which supports brain development in children.
06:04 The ingredients required for making powder of nuts and seeds are-
06:08 half cup of peanut,
06:10 half cup of dried shredded coconut,
06:12 half cup of flax seeds and
06:15 half cup of black sesame seeds.
06:18 Procedure: One by one, dry roast all the seeds and nuts on a medium flame for around 4 to 6 minutes.
06:26 Then, make a powder of all the roasted seeds by using a stone grinder or a mixer grinder.
06:33 Keep this powder in an airtight container.
06:36 1 teaspoon of this powder can be added in the baby’s food just before feeding.
06:42 It provides around 28 calories and 0.9 grams of protein.
06:48 100 grams of this powder provides around 600 calories and 19 grams of protein.
06:56 Now, we will learn the recipe for powder of beans.
06:59 This powder is rich in Potassium, Protein, Folate, Magnesium etc.
07:05 These nutrients help in bone development and improve the strength of the baby.
07:11 They are also required for production of red blood cells in our body.
07:16 Ingredients required for making powder of beans are: half cup of green gram,
07:22 half cup of dried green Peas,
07:24 half cup of chickpeas and
07:27 half cup of Moth beans.
07:30 Procedure: First, soak all the items in water for 10 hours separately.
07:35 Soaking will improve the moisture content of ingredients.
07:40 After 10 hours remove all the items.
07:43 Keep them in a sieve and let all the water drain out.
07:47 Then, one by one, tie all the beans in a clean and dry cotton cloth.
07:52 Keep them aside till they sprout.
07:55 This entire process is called as germination.
07:59 Please note- As we discussed earlier, duration of germination will be different for each ingredient.
08:06 After germination, dry them in the sunlight for a day or two.
08:11 Then, roast all the beans on a medium flame till they completely dry off.
08:17 During roasting, continuous stirring is required.
08:20 It will avoid burning of ingredients.
08:24 After roasting, separate outer cover of all dried beans by rubbing between clean hands.
08:30 Now grind all the beans together and make a powder of it.
08:34 Keep this powder in an airtight container
08:38 Two teaspoons of this powder should be added in the baby’s food during cooking.
08:43 Two teaspoon of this powder provide around 33 calories and 1.8 grams of protein.
08:49 100 grams of this powder provides around 250 calories and 15 grams of protein.
08:57 Next, we will learn the recipe for powder of curry leaves.
09:00 Curry leaves are rich in fibre, Iron, Calcium and vitamin C.
09:06 All these nutrients play a vital role in digestion and tooth development.
09:12 Also they boost the immunity of the baby.
09:16 We will need, curry leaves for making this powder.
09:19 Procedure- Wash curry leaves thoroughly in clean water.
09:23 Let them dry under the shade.
09:26 Now, make powder of those dried curry leaves and store this powder in an airtight container.
09:33 One fourth teaspoon of this powder can be added in the baby’s food just before feeding.
09:39 It gives around 9 milligrams of calcium.
09:42 100 grams of this powder provides around 700 milligrams of calcium.
09:48 Next, let’s learn how to make the powder of drumstick leaves.
09:53 This powder contains good amount of Calcium, Iron, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Protein and Sulfur.
10:01 These nutrients are required for the development of gums and for the healthy eyes of the baby.
10:07 They fight against infection and improve the strength of the baby.
10:12 We will require drumstick leaves for making this powder
10:17 Procedure: First wash all the drumstick leaves thoroughly in clean water.
10:22 Dry these leaves under the shade.
10:25 Now, make a powder of all dried leaves, and drumstick leaves powder is ready.
10:31 Keep this powder in an airtight container.
10:33 one fourth teaspoon of this powder should be added in the baby’s food just before feeding.
10:40 It will provide around 5 milligrams of calcium.
10:44 100 grams of this powder provides around 350 milligrams of calcium.
10:50 Always remember the following: Use local and seasonal nuts, seeds and beans for making these recipes.
10:58 Every meal should have a different powder.
11:01 For example; One teaspoon of nuts or seeds powder can be added in the cooked meal.
11:08 Or, one fourth teaspoon of curry leaves powder or drumstick leaves powder in the cooked meal or
11:14 2 teaspoons of powder of beans which needs to be cooked along with the meal.
11:21 Note that the recipes in this tutorial have been made using the following methods-
11:26 Soaking, Roasting and
11:28 Germination.
11:30 All these methods will reduce the Phytic acid that prevents absorption of minerals from the food
11:38 and will improve the nutrient absorption from the food.
11:42 This brings us to the end of this tutorial on nutritious powder recipes for 6 to 24 months old children.
11:51 In this tutorial, we learnt various nutritious powder recipes such as:
11:57 Amylase powder , powder of seeds,
12:00 powder of nuts and seeds,
12:02 powder of beans,
12:04 curry leaves powder and
12:06 drumstick leaves powder.
12:08 This tutorial has been contributed by the Spoken Tutorial Project, IIT Bombay.
12:14 Spoken Tutorial Project is funded by NMEICT, MHRD, Government of India.

More information on this mission is available at this link.

12:25 This tutorial is partly funded by a generous contribution from WHEELS Global Foundation.
12:32 This tutorial is a part of Maa aur Shishu poshan project.
12:36 The domain reviewers for this tutorial are- Dr. Rupal Dalal, MD Pediatrics and Ms. Deepali Fargade, Nutritionist.
12:46 This is Nutritionist Rajani Sawant along with the animator Arthi Anbalagan from IIT Bombay, signing off . Thanks for joining.

Contributors and Content Editors

PoojaMoolya, Rajani st, Sandhya.np14