Health-and-Nutrition/C2/Powder-recipes-for-6-to-24-months-old-children/English

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Title slide Welcome to this Spoken tutorial on Nutritious powder recipes for 6 to 24 months old children
Image: Amylase powder.

Image: Powder of seeds.

Image: Powder of nuts and seeds.

Image: Powder of beans.

Image: Curry leaves powder.

Image: Drumstick leaves powder.

In this tutorial we will learn various recipes of nutritious powders such as-
  • Amylase powder
  • Powder of seeds
  • Powder of nuts and seeds
  • Powder of beans
  • Powder of curry leaves and
  • Powder of Drumstick leaves
Image: Grouped image of all powders.

There are various nutritious powders which can be made at home without much effort.


Let’s learn how to make these nutritious powders.

Image: First baby is in lying on the floor on her tummy.

Image: Second baby is in half craw position.

Image: Third baby is in sitting position.

Image: Fourth baby is in walking position.

These powders have nutrients which support the growth and development of infants.

Image: 2 calendars.

Image: A new born baby.

Image: A 6 months old baby.

It is recommended that:
  • these powders should be given to the baby when she completes 6 months of age.
Image: 4 graphics of a 6 months old baby.

Image: A 6 months old baby with a bowl of food kept in front of the baby.

Whenever a new food is introduced to a child-
  • It should be given for 3 or 4 consecutive days.
  • After 3 or 4 days, introduce a new food to the child.
Image: 2 bowls of food.

Image: Rashes on the baby’s body and swelling on her face.

These two foods can be mixed-
  • but both foods should have been tried individually and
  • the child should not have had any allergies like rashes or swelling on the face and the body.
Image: Tip of a teaspoon filled with nut powder.

GIF Animation: clock.

Image: Mother is feeding her 6 months old baby.

Whenever a new food containing allergens such as nuts is introduced to a child, then-

  • start with the small portion such as tip of a teaspoon
  • wait for 10 minutes and then gradually feed it to the child.
Image: Bowls filled with sugar, salt and spices with red cross mark. Please, do not add-
  • sugar, salt or any kind of spices in the baby’s food till she is one year of age.
Image: Bowl filled with amylase powder.

Image: A 6 months old baby.

Now, let’s begin with our first recipe:

Amylase powder

But first let us discuss the benefits of it-

  • Amylase is an enzyme or chemical required for the digestion of food.
  • It is produced in limited amount in the baby’s body.
Image: A Bowl filled with amylase powder.

Image: Outline of baby’s digestive system.

This powder provides additional amylase and-
  • increases nutrient content and absorption from the food.
  • Thus, amylase rich flour or amylase powder should be given to a baby.
Image: A bowl containing Amylase powder Let's learn the recipe for Amylase powder.
Image:½ cup filled with Wheat.

Image: ½ cup filled with Green Gram.

Image: ½ cup filled with Ragi

Ingredients required for making Amylase powder are-
  • ½ cup of Wheat
  • ½ cup of Green Gram and
  • ½ cup of Ragi
Image: Soaked Ragi.

Image: Soaked Wheat.

Image: Soaked Green Gram.

Procedure:
  • First, soak all the items separately in water for around 10 hours.
  • Soaking will improve the moisture content of ingredients.
Image: Soaked Ragi in a strainer.

Image: Soaked Wheat in a strainer.

Image: Soaked Green Gram in a strainer.

Image: All Beans tied in a cotton cloth.

Image: sprouted Ragi.

Image: Sprouted Wheat.

Image: sprouted Green Gram.

  • After 10 hours remove all the items.
  • Keep them in a strainer and let all the water drain out.
  • Then, one by one tie all the ingredients in a clean and dry cotton cloth.
  • Keep them aside till they sprout.
  • This process is called Germination.
Image- Very well sprouted Ragi

Image: Sprouted Green Gram

Image: Sprouted wheat

Note that-
  • Some items will take longer time and some will take shorter period of time for germination.
  • Here, Ragi will take longer time than other ingredients.
Image: Bowls filled with germinated beans kept in the sunlight.

GIF animation: Roasting

  • After germination dry them in the sunlight for a day or two.
  • After drying, roast all the items on a low flame till they completely dry off.

Remember: During roasting, continuous stirring is required.

GIF animation: Separating outer cover of green grams by rubbing between clean hands

Next, separate the outer cover of all items by rubbing between clean hands.

Image: Mixture of all ingredients.

After removing the outer cover mix all of the ingredients.

Image: Mixer grinder

Image: Stone grinder

Now make a powder of this mixture using the grinder.

And the Amylase powder is ready.

Image: Airtight container filled with Amylase powder.

Store this Amylase powder in an airtight container.

Image: 1 teaspoon filled with Amylase powder

Image: A steel container filled with Amylase porridge

One can either:

  • add 1 teaspoon of Amylase powder in baby’s food during cooking or
  • one can also make a porridge of Amylase powder.
Image: 1 teaspoon filled with amylase powder

Image: Amylase powder is kept on weighing scale

1 teaspoon of Amylase powder gives
  • around 18 calories and
  • 0.6 grams of protein

100 grams of 'Amylase powder gives

  • around 360 calories and
  • 12 grams of protein
Image: Bowl of food

Image: Symbol of energy

  • Amylase powder has some unique properties which makes it special for a baby.
  • It decreases the thickness of food and makes it more palatable for a baby.
  • It lowers the dietary bulk and increases the energy density of baby’s food.
Image: Cup filled with powder of seeds.

Image: Structure of bone.

Image: Structure of human brain.

Image: Baby's intestine.

Image: Baby's teeth.

  • Next, we will learn the recipe for powder of seeds.
  • This powder is rich in Zinc, fibre, Magnesium and Calcium.
  • These nutrients helps in bone development and improves the strength of the baby.
  • Also this powder is a source of good fat which supports brain development in children.
Image: ½ cup filled with Sesame seeds.

Image: ½ cup filled with Flax seeds.

Image: ½ cup filled with Pumpkin seeds.


The three different seeds required to make this powder are-
  • ½ cup of black Sesame seeds,
  • ½ cup of Flax seeds and
  • ½ cup of raw Pumpkin seeds
Image: Pan filled with all seeds kept on slow flame. Procedure:
  • One by one dry roast all the seeds on a low flame for around 4 to 5 minutes.
Image: A container filled with powder. Once cooled, make powder of all the roasted items.
Image: Airtight container.
  • Keep this powder in an airtight jar.
Image: 2 teaspoons filled with powder of seeds.
  • One teaspoon of this powder should be added in the baby’s food just before feeding.

It will provide-

  • around 30 calories and
  • 2.7 grams of protein.

100 grams of powder of seeds will give

  • Around 600 calories and
  • 55 grams of protein.

Image: Powder of nuts and seeds in a bowl.

Image: Structure of human heart.

Image: Structure of red blood cells.

Image: structure of human bone.

Image: Structure of human brain.

Our next recipe is powder of nuts and seeds.
  • This powder is rich in minerals such as Zinc, Magnesium, Iron, etc.
  • These minerals plays major role in production of red blood cells.
  • Also, this powder is a source of good fat which supports brain development in children.
Image: ½ cup filled with peanut.

Image ½ cup filled with dried shredded coconut.

Image: ½ cup filled with flax seeds.

Image: ½ cup filled with sesame seeds.


The ingredients required for making powder of nuts and seeds are-
  • ½ cup of peanut
  • ½ cup of dried shredded coconut.
  • ½ cup of flax seeds and
  • ½ cup of black sesame seeds


Image: Pan filled with all ingredients kept on a low flame. Procedure:
  • One by one dry roast all the seeds and nuts on a medium flame for around 4 to 6 minutes.

Image: Container filled with powder

Image: Stone grinder.

Image: Mixer grinder.

  • Then, make a powder of all the roasted seeds by using a stone grinder or a mixer grinder.
Image: Airtight container filled with powder.
  • Keep this powder in an airtight container.
Image: 1 teaspoon filled with the powder.
  • 1 teaspoon of this powder can be added in the baby’s food just before feeding.
Image: 1 teaspoon filled with powder. It provides-
  • around 28 calories and
  • 0.9 grams of protein
Image: Powder kept on weighing scale. 100 grams of this powder provides-
  • around 600 calories and
  • 19 grams of Protein.
Image: Structure of bone.

Image: Red blood cells.

Image: Structure of human heart.

Image: A strong baby.

Image: Red blood cells.

Now we will learn the recipe for powder of Beans.
  • This powder is rich in Potassium, Protein, Folate, Magnesium, etc.
  • These nutrients helps in bone development and improves the strength of the baby
  • They are also required for production of red blood cells in our body.
Image: ½ cup filled with green grams.

Image: ½ cup filled with green peas.

Image: ½ cup filled with chickpeas.

Image: ½ cup filled with Moth beans.


Ingredients required for making powder of Beans are:
  • ½ cup of Green Gram,
  • ½ cup dried Green Peas,
  • ½ cup of Chickpeas and
  • ½ cup of Moth beans
Image: 6 bowls filled with different beans and water.

Image: Increased water content of beans.

Procedure:
  • First soak all the items in water separately for 10 hours.
  • Soaking will improve the moisture content of ingredients.
Image: Green grams are kept in a strainer.

Image: Chickpeas are kept in a strainer.

Image: Green peas are kept in a strainer.

Image: Moth beans are kept in a strainer.

Image: Bowls filled with germinated beans.

  • After 10 hours remove all the items.
  • Keep them in a sieve and let all the water drain out.
  • Then, one by one tie all the beans in a clean and dry cotton cloth.
  • Keep them aside till they sprout.
  • This entire process is called germination.
  • Please note-

As we discussed earlier, duration of germination will be different for each ingredient.

Image: 4 bowls filled with germinated beans are kept in the sunlight.
  • After germination dry them in the sunlight for a day or two.
  • Then, roast all the beans on a medium flame till they completely dry off.

During roasting,

  • continuous stirring is required.
  • It will avoid burning of ingredients.
Image: Separating outer cover of beans by rubbing between clean hands. After roasting-
  • After roasting, separate outer cover of all dried beans by rubbing between clean hands.
Image: ½ cup filled with powder. Now grind all the beans together and make a powder of it.
Image: Airtight container filled with powder.
  • Keep this powder in an airtight container.
Image: Bowl filled with powder of beans.
  • Two teaspoons of this powder should be added in the baby’s food during cooking.
Image: 2 teaspoons filled with powder.

Image: Digital weighing scale.

Two teaspoons of this powder provide
  • Around 33 calories and
  • 1.8 grams of Protein.

100 grams of this powder provides

  • around 250 calories and
  • 15 grams of Protein.
Image: Cup filled with curry leaves powder.

Image: Outline of baby’s intestine.

Image: Baby’s tooth.

Image: Immunity of the baby.

Next, we will learn the recipe for powder of curry leaves:
  • Curry leaves are rich in fibre, Iron, Calcium and vitamin C.
  • All these nutrients plays a vital role in digestion and tooth development.
  • Also they boost the immunity of the baby.
Image: Cup filled with curry leaves. We will need-

Curry leaves for making this powder.

Image: Bowl filled with curry leaves and water. Procedure-
  • Wash curry leaves thoroughly in clean water.
Image: Curry leaves are kept in a shade. Let them dry under the shade.
Image: Container filled with curry leaves powder.
  • Now, make powder of those dried curry leaves and store this powder in an airtight container.
Image: 1 teaspoon filled with powder of curry leaves.

Image: 100 grams powder kept on the digital weighing scale.

  • ¼ th teaspoon of this powder can be added in the baby’s food just before feeding.
  • It gives around 9 milligrams of calcium.
  • 100 grams of this powder provides around 700 milligrams of calcium.
Image: Cup filled with powder of Drumstick leaves.

Next let’s learn, how to make the powder of Drumstick leaves-

  • This powder contains good amount of Calcium, Iron, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Protein and Sulphur.
  • These nutrients are required for the development of gums and for the healthy eyes of the baby.
  • They fight against infection and improves the strength of the baby.
Image: Plate filled with Drumstick leaves We will require
  • Drumstick leaves for making this powder.
Image: Bowl filled with curry leaves and water. Procedure-
  • First wash all the Drumstick leaves thoroughly in clean water.
Image: Plate filled with Drumstick leaves is kept under shade
  • Dry these leaves under the shade.
Image: Plate filled with powder of Drumstick leaves. Now make a powder of all dried leaves and
  • Drumstick leaves powder is ready.
Image: Airtight container filled with Drumstick leaves powder.
  • Keep this powder in an airtight container.
Image: 1 teaspoon filled with powder.
  • 1/4 teaspoon of this powder should be added in the baby’s food just before feeding.
Image: ¼ teaspoon of Drumstick leaves powder.

Image: Drumstick leaves powder is kept on weighing scale.

  • It will provide around 5 milligrams of calcium.
  • 100 grams of this powder provides around 350 milligrams of calcium.
Image:Bowls filled with nuts

Image: 6 bowls filled with seeds.

Image: Bowls filled with soya beans, red grams, black grams, kidney beans.

Always remember the following-
  • use local and seasonal nuts, seeds and beans for making these recipes.
Image: A 6 months old baby and bowl of food.
  • Every meal should have a different powder.
Image: One teaspoon of powder of nuts.
  • For example,

One teaspoon of nuts or seeds powder can be added in the cooked meal or

Image: ¼ th teaspoon of curry leaves powder.
  • ¼ teaspoon of curry leaves powder or Drumstick leaves powder in the cooked meal or
Image: 2 teaspoons of powder of beans with bowl filled with porridge.
  • 2 teaspoons of powder of beans which needs to be cooked along with the meal.
Image: Bowl filled with soaked beans.

Image: Pan filled with roasted beans on a low flame.

Image: Bowl filled with germinated beans.

Note that,

The recipes in this tutorial have been made using the following methods-

  • Soaking
  • Roasting and
  • Germination

All these methods-

  • will reduce the Phytic acid that prevents absorption of minerals from the food and
  • will improve the nutrient absorption from the food.
Image: Grouped image of all the nutritious powders. This brings us to the end of this tutorial on-

Nutritious powder recipes for 6 to 24 months old children.

Image: Amylase powder.

Image: Powder of seeds.

Image: Powder of nuts and seed.

Image: Powder of beans.

Image: Curry leaves powder.

Image: Drumstick leaves powder.

In this tutorial we learnt various nutritious powder recipes such as,
  • Amylase powder
  • Powder of seeds
  • Powder of nuts and seeds
  • Powder of beans
  • Curry leaves powder and
  • Drumstick leaves powder
Image: Spoken tutorial logo

Image: IIT Bombay logo

This tutorial has been contributed by
  • the Spoken Tutorial Project, IIT Bombay.
Image: NMEICT Logo

Image: MHRD, Government of India logo

Spoken Tutorial Project is funded by NMEICT, MHRD, Government of India.

More information on this mission is available at this link.

Image: WHEELS Global Foundation Logo This tutorial is partly funded by a generous contribution from WHEELS Global Foundation.
Image: Maa aur Shishu Poshan logo This tutorial is a part of Maa aur Shishu poshan project.

The domain reviewers for this tutorial are-

  • Dr. Rupal Dalal, MD Pediatrics
  • Ms. Deepali Fargade, Nutritionist

This is Nutritionist Rajani Sawant along with animator Arthi Anbalagan from IIT Bombay, Signing off Thanks for joining

Contributors and Content Editors

Bellatony911, Rajani st