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Time Narration
00:01 Hello everyone.Welcome to this spoken tutorial on Desktop Customization in Ubuntu Linux OS
00:08 In this tutorial we will learn

About the Launcher How to Remove and add applications in the Launcher Use multiple desktops Internet connectivity Sound settings Time and Date settings and switch to other user accounts

00:27 For this tutorial I am using Ubuntu Linux OS 14.04
00:34 Let's begin with the Launcher.
00:36 Launcher is the default left-side panel in the Ubuntu Linux desktop, which has some default applications.
00:44 The Launcher makes it easy to access frequently used applications.
00:49 So, we can launch a program by clicking on its "desktop shortcut" on the Launcher.
00:56 By default, the Launcher has some applications.
01:00 Let us learn to customize the Launcher based on our requirements.
01:06 For my regular work, I need applications like Terminal, LibreOffice Writer, Gedit and so on.
01:15 Let's add these applications on the Launcher.
01:19 Before doing that, I will remove some of the applications which I don't want.
01:25 Say, I wish to remove the VLC application.
01:30 So, right-click on the VLC application icon and select Unlock from Launcher.
01:37 You can see that the VLC application icon has been removed from the Launcher.
01:43 In the same way, we can remove all the shortcuts which we don't use frequently.
01:49 I have removed some applications from the Launcher on my desktop, as you can see here.
01:55 Now, I will add the Terminal shortcut to the Launcher.
02:00 Click on Dash Home.
02:02 In the search bar, type “terminal”.
02:05 Click on the Terminal icon to open it.
02:09 You can see the Terminal icon on the Launcher.
02:13 To fix the Terminal icon on the Launcher, first right-click on it.
02:18 Then click on Lock to Launcher.
02:21 Another way to fix application shortcuts on the Launcher is by dragging and dropping. I will demonstrate this now.
02:30 Open Dash Home and in the search bar, type libreOffice.
02:37 Drag the LibreOffice icon onto the Launcher.
02:42 As we do so, the help text may appear saying “Drop to Add application”. Don’t worry if no help text appears.
02:51 Now, drop the LibreOffice icon on the Launcher.
02:55 You can see that the shortcut is now added to the Launcher.
03:00 This is how we can add shortcuts on the Launcher.
03:04 The next important feature in Ubuntu Linux OS is multiple desktop or Workspace Switcher.
03:12 Sometimes we may be working on multiple applications.
03:17 And we may find it difficult to switch from one application to another.
03:22 To make it more convenient, we can use Workspace Switcher.
03:27 Let’s come back to the Launcher.
03:30 On the Launcher,locate Workspace Switcher icon. Click on it.
03:36 It shows 4 quadrants with 4 Desktops.
03:40 By default, the top-left Desktop is selected.
03:44 That is the Desktop in which we are currently working.
03:48 Now, let’s select the second Desktop by clicking on it.
03:53 I will open the Terminal here by clicking on the icon in the Launcher.
03:59 Now, click on the Workspace Switcher again.
04:02 You can see the Terminal on the second Workspace Switcher and our Desktop on the first.
04:09 In this way, you can work on multiple Desktops.
04:12 Let us come back to the first Desktop.
04:15 Trash is another important icon on the Launcher.
04:19 Trash contains all the deleted files and folders.
04:23 In case we delete a file accidentally, we can restore it from Trash.
04:28 To demonstrate this, I will delete DIW file, which is on my Desktop.
04:33 Right-click on the file and click on the option Move to Trash.
04:38 To restore it, just click on the Trash icon in the Launcher.
04:43 The Trash folder opens.
04:46 Select the file, right-click on it and click on Restore.
04:50 Close the Trash window and come back to the desktop.
04:54 We can see the file which we deleted earlier is now restored.
04:59 To delete a file permanently from your system, first select it and then press Shift+Delete.
05:07 A dialog box saying Are you sure want to permanently delete DIW will appear. Click on Delete.
05:15 Click on the Trash icon once again.
05:18 We can't find the file in the Trash folder, as it is permanently deleted from our system.
05:24 Now, we'll see some applications available at the top right corner of the Desktop.
05:31 First one is Internet connectivity.
05:34 Connection is established if you are connected to any Lan or Wifi network.
05:39 You can see these over here.
05:42 You can select the network which you have access to.
05:46 To Enable/ Disable the network, check/uncheck the Enable Networking option.
05:52 We can also edit the networks using Edit Connections option.
05:57 Next option is Sound. Click on it.
06:00 You can see a slider here. This helps us to increase or decrease the audio level, as per our choice.
06:07 We can further adjust the sound level of our system by clicking on Sound Settings.
06:14 Explore the settings in this window on your own.
06:17 Next icon is Time & Date.
06:20 If we click on this icon, the calendar opens up. We can see the current date, month and year here.
06:29 Arrow buttons allow us to move to other months and years, as per our choice.
06:35 We can edit date and time by clicking on Time & Date Settings. Explore this option further on your own.
06:44 Next, click on the wheel icon.
06:47 Here we can see some shortcut options along with Log Out and Shut Down options.
06:53 We can also see all the User accounts available in our system.
06:59 We can switch to whichever user account we wish to, by clicking on that particular user.
07:05 Let us summarise.
07:07 In this tutorial we have learnt

About the Launcher How to Remove and add applications in the Launcher Use multiple desktops Internet connectivity Sound settings Time & Date settings Switch to other user accounts

07:26 The video at the following link summarises the Spoken Tutorial Project. Please watch it.
07:32 The Spoken Tutorial Project team conducts workshops and gives certificates on passing online tests.
07:39 For details, please write to us.
07:42 Spoken Tutorial Project is funded by NMEICT, MHRD, Govt of India. More information on this mission is available at the following link.
07:53 This tutorial is contributed by Gaurav Shinde and Praveen S. Thankyou for Joining.

Contributors and Content Editors

Gaurav, Nancyvarkey, Pratik kamble