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Time Narration
00:01 Hello and welcome to the spoken tutorial on “Indic language typesetting
00:07 In this tutorial we will learn to,

1 Install a new font and 2 Typeset a document in indic language using XeLaTeX.

00:19 This tutorial is recorded using

Ubuntu Linux 18.04 OS and

TeXworks editor v0.6.

00:31 The steps demonstrated will work in all operating systems.
00:37 To practise this tutorial, you should be familiar with LaTeX commands.
00:43 If not, then go through the prerequisite LaTeX spoken tutorials on this website.
00:51 The files used for the installation are available in the Code files link on this tutorial page.
00:58 Please download and use them while practising. Make sure that all the supporting files are kept in the same folder while practising
01:09 In this tutorial we will be installing Nirmala UI font.
01:15 This font supports 12 indic scripts as mentioned here.
01:21 First go to the folder where all the files are downloaded.
01:27 Now double-click on the file Nirmala.ttf It will open the Nirmala UI font in the Font Viewer window.
01:38 Click on the Install button located at the top right corner of the window. This will install the font in your system.
01:48 Once done, the Install option will be changed to Installed.
01:54 Let us cross verify this.
01:57 Click on the back button located to the left of the Font name.
02:03 This will display the list of fonts already installed in the system.
02:09 Scroll down to find the newly installed Nirmala UI font in the fonts folder. Here it is.
02:18 If Nirmala font file is present in that folder, then installation of the font is successful.
02:26 If not, repeat the above installation steps once again.
02:31 Now we will typeset a document in XeLaTeX.
02:36 I will be using the file multiLang.tex for this demonstration.
02:42 The same is available in the Code files link. You can download it from there and use it while practising.
02:51 I have already opened the file multiLang.tex in TeXworks editor.
02:57 Now let me give an overview of few commands.
03:02 Fontspec package allows us to use opentype fonts without installing them.
03:09 This is useful when you are not able to install fonts or require admin access.
03:16 It gives us the facility to switch or use different fonts in the same LaTeX document.
03:25 Polyglossia package allows us to typeset indic languages in a XeLaTeX document.
03:32 Without this package the sentences in other language will not be processed in the output.
03:39 I have set the default language as English using the command setdefaultlanguage.
03:46 If you wish to set any other language as a default one, then we have to specify it here.
03:54 setotherlanguages command helps us to mention the languages which we are going to use here.
04:01 In this example we are using Hindi, Tamil, Bengali, Telugu and Malayalam scripts.
04:10 Using the newfontfamily command I have declared the font for each language.
04:17 Here I have used Nirmala UI font for all the languages.
04:23 You can use any of the 12 scripts supported by Nirmala UI as per your choice.
04:30 Make sure you have installed this font before compiling.
04:35 Next to the begin document, I have written a few lines of code.
04:40 The first few lines are written in English. As I have set English as a default language, I don’t need to specify any language.
04:51 Before typing the text in a language other than the default one, we have to use the command select language.
04:58 And select the respective language name as a value.
05:04 Say, in this piece of code, I wish to display my text in Tamil.
05:10 So before writing the text in Tamil, I have used selectlanguage command, and set its value to Tamil.
05:19 Likewise, I have written the code for the rest of the languages. Now let us compile this.
05:28 Select XeLaTeX as the compiler from the dropdown on the top toolbar.
05:35 XeLaTeX provides user with extensive set of fonts.
05:41 Run the code by clicking on the green Typeset button at the top left corner.
05:48 Observe the output pdf. We can see the output of the sentence in various languages in Nirmala UI font.
05:58 In this example, I have used the font bundle Nirmala UI for all the languages.
06:05 Instead we can also use specific fonts for each language.
06:11 For this part of the demonstration, I will be using these fonts for the respective languages.
06:18 The same is available in the Code files link.
06:22 Download and install them as explained earlier in this tutorial, before proceeding further.
06:30 I have already installed these fonts on my machine.
06:35 In the multiLang.tex file, update the font declaration as shown here.
06:43 In this example, I am declaring different fonts for different languages.
06:49 Let us compile this file to see the output. Make sure the compiler is set to XeLaTeX at the top.
07:02 Observe that there is no change in the output, other than the font style.
07:08 So using any one of these methods, one can typeset indic languages in a LaTeX document.
07:16 Important note.

While typesetting an indic language in LaTeX, make sure you have declared the command selectlanguage.

07:25 Else, the particular language text will not be displayed in the output. Let us try this.
07:34 Copy the text written in any language and paste it next to the line, Knowledge is the supreme goal.
07:43 Let us compile this file to see the output.
07:48 In this code we have written a line of text in Telugu twice.
07:53 One is before the selectlanguage command for Telugu and one is after that.
08:02 But in the output pdf, we can only see the text which is written after the selectlanguage command.
08:08 So be careful while typesetting in indic language.
08:14 With this we have come to the end of this tutorial. Let us summarise.
08:21 In this tutorial we learnt

1. How to install Nirmala UI font

2. To typeset a document in multiple languages using Nirmala UI and other language specific fonts

08:36 As an assignment:

Identify and download other fonts which are compatible with the above languages. Or that supports some other languages.

08:49 Install and use them to typeset a document and

Compare the output.

08:56 The video at the following link summarises the Spoken Tutorial project. Please watch it.
09:04 The Spoken Tutorial Project Team conducts workshops and gives certificates.
09:10 For more details, please write to us.
09:14 Please post your timed queries in this forum
09:18 Spoken Tutorial Project is funded by MHRD, Government of India. More information on this Mission is available at this link.
09:24 The script was contributed by Meenal and Preeti, FOSSEE Summer Fellows 2019.
09:32 And this is Praveen from IIT Bombay signing off. Thanks for joining.

Contributors and Content Editors

Pratik kamble