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Time' Narration
00:02 Welcome to the Spoken Tutorial on using this keyword in java.
00:07 In this tutorial we will learn
00:09 About use of this keyword
00:11 To use this keyword with fields
00:14 To use this keyword for chaining of constructors.

00:17 Here we are using
  • Ubuntu version 11.10
  • jdk 1.6
  • Eclipse 3.7.0

00:28 To follow this tutorial you must know
00:30 how to create a constructor in java using eclipse.

You must also know how to create a parameterized constructor in java.

00:34 If not, for relevant tutorials please visit our website which is as shown,


00:40 Now we will see the use of this key word
00:44 Within a constructor, this is a reference to the current object.

00:48 We can refer any member of the current object within a constructor using this.
00:55 Now we will see the use of this keyword with fields.
01:00 this keyword helps us to avoid name conflicts.

01:07 We can see such an example here.
01:10 For that let us open Eclipse.

01:17 Open the Student class we had created in the earlier tutorial.

01:23 Comment the default constructor comment the constructor with 1 parameter.

01:40 Also comment the code for creating the first two objects.

02:03 Now, notice the parameterized constructor.

02:11 the_roll_number and the_name are the arguments passed to the constructor.

02:20 roll_number and name are the instance variables.

02:26 Now, let me change the arguments to roll_number and name itself.

02:39 So inside the constructor we have:
02:42 roll_number equal to roll_number and name equal to name.

02:55 Now Save and run the file.So pressCtrl ,Sand Ctrl, F11
03:04 We get the output as follows:

03:07 I am a Parameterized Constructor


03:12 Now come back to the code.
03:17 We see 2 warnings in the code.
03:20 Hover your mouse over the warning symbol.
03:23 We can see The assignment to the variable roll_number has no effect.
03:29 And The assignment to the variable name has no effect.

03:33 This is because in the constructor roll_number and name are local variables.

03:40 Local variables are variables that are accessible within the method or block.

03:47 Here, roll_number and name will be initialized to 11 and Raju.
03:54 Because we have passed the values 11 and Rajuthe constructor.
04:01 But once they come out of the constructor, it is not accessible.

04:06 Then the only roll_number and name we know are the instance variables.

04:13 They have been initialized to 0 and null already once the object is created.

04:18 So we got the output as 0 and null.
04:21 Now, let us make a small change inside the constructor.

04:29 So type this dot roll_number equal to roll_number.

04:37 And this dot name equal to name.

04:44 Now save and run the file. So press ctrl, S And Ctrl, F11 keys
04:51 We get the output as

04:53 I am Parameterized Constructor
11 and

04:58 This is because this dot roll_number and this dot name refers to the instance variables roll_number and name.

05:12 And here roll_number and name are the arguments passed in the method.

05:20 To avoid confliction between local and instance variables we use this keyword.
05:29 Now we will see the use of this keywords for chaining of constructor.
05:34 We can use this keyword inside a constructor to call another one.

05:39 The constructors must be in the same class.

05:43 This is called explicit constructor invocation.
05:46 So let us come back to the Student class which we created.
05:54 Now Remove the comments.
06:28 Now comment the part to assign the instance variables to their values in the first two constructors.

06:52 Then Comment the part which creates the second and third objects.
07:08 Now let us first come to the constructor with no parameters.

07:16 After curly brackets type this within brackets 11 and semicolon.

07:28 Inside the second constructor type this within brackets 11 comma within double quotes Raju semicolon.

07:42 Now Save and Run the file. So press Ctrl,S and Ctrl , F11.
07:49 We get the output as

07:51 I am a Parameterized Constructor
07:54 I am a constructor with a single parameter
07:57 I am Default Constructor

11 and


08:02 Now, I will explain the output.

08:08 When the object is created, the respective constructor gets called.

08:13 The constructor here is the no argument constructor.

08:20 The control comes to the first line in the constructor.

08:24 It encounters the this within brackets 11 statement.

08:26 Hence it calls the constructor that accepts single integer argument.

08:36 Then the control comes to this within brackets 11 comma Raju.

08:44 Hence it calls the constructor that accepts 1 integer and 1 String argument.

08:53 So this constructor is executed and we get the output as I am Parameterized Constructor.

09:02 Now the instance variables will be initialized to 11 and Raju.As we have passed.

09:11 Now, the control goes back to the calling constructor.

09:16 So the second constructor gets executed.

09:19 We get the output as I am constructor with a single parameter.

09:25 Then, the control goes to the first constructor and executes it.

09:30 So we get output as I am a default constructor.

09:37 Then studentDetail method is executed.

09:42 So, we get 11 and Raju.
09:45 Now, let us make a small change.

09:47 Make the this statement the last one in the constructor.

10:01 We get a compiler error.

10:03 Hover the mouse over the error symbol.

10:06 We get the error as:

10:07 Constructor call must be the first statement in the constructor.
10:12 So we must make it the first line of the constructor.
10:16 So make it the first line of the constructor.

10:27 Now we can see that the error has gone.
10:31 So in this tutorial, we learnt

10:35 To use this keyword with fields.

10:38 To use this keyword for chaining constructors

10:41 How this keyword should be used within a constructor.

10:45 For self assessment, in the Employee class created earlier:

10:49 Create a constructor with two parameters
10:52 Use this keyword to initialize the instance variables .
10:57 Also create a constructor with 1 and no parameters.
11:01 Try chaining the constructors using this as explained in the tutorial.

11:07 To know more about the Spoken Tutorial Project
11:09 Watch the video available at the following link:
11:12 It summarizes the Spoken Tutorial project

11:16 If you do not have good bandwidth, you can download and watch it

11:19 The Spoken Tutorial Project Team

11:23 Conducts workshops using spoken tutorials

11:26 Gives certificates for those who pass an online test

11:30 For more details, please write to

11:36 Spoken Tutorial Project is a part of the Talk to a Teacher project

11:40 It is supported by the National Mission on Education through ICT, MHRD, Government of India

11:46 More information on this Mission is available at

11:55 Thus We have come to the end of this tutorial.

11:58 This is Arya Ratish signing off. Thanks for joining.

Contributors and Content Editors

Arya Ratish, Gaurav, Kaushik Datta, PoojaMoolya, Sandhya.np14, Sneha