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Visual Cue Narration
Slide Number 1

Title slide

Welcome to the spoken tutorial on Corporal Punishment in Schools.
Slide Number 2

Learning Objectives

In this tutorial we will discuss the following topics,
  • Definition of Corporal Punishment(CP).
  • National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR Website).
  • Some situations that lead to corporal punishment .
Slide Number 3

Learning Objectives

  • Types of corporal punishment.
  • Examples on how a teacher deals with the situation in a positive manner
  • General perceptions and misconceptions
  • Some ground facts about corporal punishment
Slide Number 4


Published NCPCR (National Commission for Protection

of Child Rights)

The content for this tutorial is taken from the document,

Guidelines for Eliminating Corporal Punishment in schools

This document is published by

  1. National Commission for the Protection of Child Rights.
  2. Ministry of Women and Child Development and
  3. MHRD, Government of India.
Highlight the link in the slide Here is the link for NCPCR website.
Open the website in a web-browser

Show the first page and guidelines link on the left-panel.

I have opened the website in web browser.

This is the Homepage.

Links to various web pages and documents are available in the Navigation section on the left panel.

Show different links on the left side

Shows different links

Click on the Guidelines link.

Scroll down.

Click on the Guidelines link.

Click on Archives link.

Click on Archives link on the top-right corner.

Guidelines (Archived) page opens.

Click on the Guidelines link Click on the link-

Guidelines for eliminating Corporal Punishment in schools.

Point to the document The document opens in a new window.
Scroll down The document is divided into various sections and sub-sections.
Go to Guidelines.

Highlight the section

Scroll down the page.

Here is the section on Definition of Corporal Punishment.

Currently, there is no statutory definition of corporal punishment of children in Indian law.

Definition of corporal punishment can at best only be indicative.

Please read this section carefully.

Highlight the classification in the guidelines.

According to RTE Act 2009, corporal punishment could be classified as-
  • Physical punishment
  • Mental harassment and
  • Discrimination
Scroll down the page.

Highlight UN definition.

Scroll down the page.

The United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child defines corporal punishment as follows:

Any punishment in which physical force is used and intended to cause some degree of pain or discomfort, however light.

Magnify and show the section. Please read this section to understand the definition of corporal punishment.
Scroll down to RTE sections.

Highlight the sections

Scroll down the page to RTE Act, 2009.

RTE Act prohibits physical punishment and mental harassment, under section 17(1).

And makes it is a punishable offence under section 17(2).

Click on the Download icon on the top right corner of the page Please download the document and read all the sections of this document carefully.
Click on the download icon on the top right corner of the page. To download the document click on the Download icon on the top right corner of the page.
In the dialog box click on “save file” option

Click on Ok Button

A dialog-box opens which prompts you to save the file.

Click on Ok button. The file downloads to the Downloads folder.

Show Downloads folder. The file downloads to the download folder.
Let us begin with some common incidents observed in schools.
Image 1

Children playing in the school ground.

Here is a situation, It is lunchtime, children are playing in the playground.
Image 2

Vani and her friends sitting in a corner.

In the corner of the ground, Anil, Vani and Vivek are sitting very gloomy.
Image 3

Children are discussing.

(Depressed child)

They seem to be very depressed.

They are discussing about bad experiences they had in the classroom.

Image 4 (Animation)

Anil says to other children.

Anil says, “I don’t understand Mathematics.

I am unable to do my homework properly.

My parents cannot help me with my homework.

My teacher made fun of me and asked me to stand outside the classroom.

I don’t want to come to the school.”

Image 5 (Animation)

Vivek says

Vivek says,

“As we are not good in studies, all other students make fun of us.

Image 5 (Animation)

Vani says

Vani says,

"Even they are not ready to talk to us."

Image 5 (Animation)

Anil says

Anil says,

"All teachers are angry and teasing us every day.”

Highlight the aspects of Physical punishment and mental harassment. Please note this is a form of both physical and mental harassment.
Image 6

Teacher call him separately and help to do homework

In another classroom Mathematics teacher is helping a student to understand the concepts.

He is seen helping him to complete homework after school hours.

This is an example of positive discipline.

Image 7

Ramu beat other children in the class

Here is another situation.

Ramu is a naughty boy. He always troubles other students.

He hits other students while the teacher is taking the class.

Image 8

Teacher twisted the ears of Ramu.

The teacher twisted his ears and asked him to stand in a corner of the class.
Highlight the aspects of physical punishment from the guidelines. As shown here in the guidelines, the punishment given to Ramu is a violation of rule.
Image 9

Student is arranging the notebooks.

In another classroom, the teacher has given the responsibility to the naughty student.

She asked him to collect notebooks from other students and arrange them in order.

This way the child develops a sense of responsibility and behaves maturely in the class.

This is an example of positive discipline.

Image 10 Geetha is crying and talking to her mother.

One more situation here.

Geetha says to her mother, “My teacher pinched and slapped me today. I did not wear proper uniform today. I don’t want to go to school anymore”.

Image 11

The teacher writes on her diary


Teacher discusses with the parent

Instead of punishing Geeta, the teacher could have made a note in her school diary.

She could have also called the parent,

and explained the importance of coming to school in neat and proper uniform.

Image 13

Child's face disfigured

Corporal punishment leads to adverse physical, psychological and educational outcomes.

Its impact is long-lasting.

Images 14

In the above examples, we have seen that there is a clear difference between punishment and discipline.

Punishment creates negative emotions.

Positive discipline will teach the child about mutual respect, self esteem and dignity.

Slide Number 5

Persistence of Corporal Punishment

Corporal punishment still exists in schools for the following reasons:
  1. It is difficult for people to differentiate between punishment and discipline.
  2. Lack of skill or training to handle child’s misbehaviour in diverse situations.
Slide Number 6

General Perception and Misconceptions

General perceptions and misconceptions about corporal punishment.

Punishing children is regarded as acceptable, whether in the family or school.

It is considered as necessary to implement corporal punishment, to become competent and responsible individual.

This is a misconception.

Slide Number 7

General Perception and Misconceptions

It is widely used by the teachers and parents regardless of its ineffectiveness.
Slide Number 8

Some Ground Facts

Some ground facts about corporal punishment.
  • No human being likes being hurt, physically or emotionally.
  • No child is admitted to a school to deserve corporal punishment.
  • It is natural for children to have different behavioural patterns.
Slide Number 9

Some Ground Facts

Corporal punishment is a violation of a child’s space and rights.
  • According to United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, UNCRC,
  • the child is defined as a person in the age group of 0 to 18 years.
Slide Number 10

Note for Teachers

Note for Teachers.

Your occupation can’t be an excuse for violating the law.

  • Legal consequences can be quite severe.
  • Corporal punishment leads to violations of sections of IPC, RTE Act 2009 and UNCRC.
We will learn more about corporal punishment in the upcoming tutorials.
Slide Number 11


This brings us to the end of the tutorial.

In this tutorial, we have discussed about

  • Definition of Corporal Punishment
  • NCPCR website
  • Some situations that lead to corporal punishment
Slide Number 12


  • Types of corporal punishment
  • Examples on how a teacher deals with the situation in a positive manner
  • General perceptions and misconceptions
  • Some ground facts about corporal punishment
Slide Number 13

About Spoken Tutorial Project

Watch the video available at the following link.

It summaries the Spoken Tutorial project.

If you do not have a good bandwidth, you can download and watch it.

Slide Number 14

Forum for specific questions

Do you have questions in THIS Spoken Tutorial?

Please visit our site.

Choose the minute and second where you have the question.

Explain your question briefly.

Someone from our team will answer them.

Slide Number 15


Spoken Tutorial Project is funded by MHRD Government of India.

This tutorial is contributed by Snehalatha Kaliappan, Viji Nair, Saurabh Gadgil from IIT Bombay.

This tutorial is reviewed by Dr. Bindu Laxmi Pattadath from Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai.

Thank you for joining.

Contributors and Content Editors

Nancyvarkey, Snehalathak, Vijinair