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Title of script: Desktop Customization

Author: Gaurav


Visual Cue
Title slide Hello everyone.

Welcome to this spoken tutorial on Desktop Customization in Ubuntu Linux OS

Learning Objective In this tutorial we will learn about the Launcher and how to:
  • Remove and add applications in the Launcher
  • Use multiple desktops
  • Internet connectivity
  • Sound settings
  • Time and Date settings
  • and switch to other user accounts
System Requirements For this tutorial I am using Ubuntu Linux OS 14.10
About Launcher Let's begin with the Launcher.
Slide Number


Launcher is the default left-side panel in the Ubuntu Linux desktop, which has some default applications.

The Launcher makes it easy to access frequently used applications.

So, we can launch a program by clicking on its "desktop shortcut" on the Launcher.

Screen shot of Launcher with icons By default, the Launcher has some applications.
Let us learn to customize the Launcher based on our requirements.
Slide Number For my regular work, I need applications like Terminal, LibreOffice Writer, Gedit and so on.

Let's add these applications on the Launcher.

Removing Icons from the Launcher Before doing that, I will remove some of the applications which I don't want.
Point to Amazon application

Amazon >> Right-click >> Unlock from Launcher

Say, I wish to remove the VLC application.

Right-click on the VLC application icon and select Unlock from Launcher.

Point to the Launcher You can see that the VLC application icon has been removed from the Launcher.
Screen shot of Removed Unwanted applications from Launcher In the same way, we can remove all the shortcuts which we do not use frequently.

I have removed some applications from the Launcher on my desktop, as you can see here.

Now, I will add the Terminal shortcut to the Launcher.
Click on Dash Home Click on Dash Home.
Type Terminal in search bar >> click on it. In the search bar, type “terminal”.

Click on the Terminal icon to open it.

Pointing to the terminal in the Launcher You can see the Terminal icon on the Launcher.
Right click on terminal icon >> Lock to Launcher. To fix the Terminal icon on the Launcher, first right-click on it.

Then click on Lock to Launcher.

Another way to fix application shortcuts on the Launcher is by dragging and dropping.

I will demonstrate this now.

Open Dash Home >> In the search bar  type LibreOffice. Open Dash Home and in the search bar, type libreOffice.
Drag & Drop LibreOffice icon on the Launcher.

Help text should be visible now.

Drag the LibreOffice icon onto the Launcher.

As we do so, the help text may appear saying “Drop to Add application”.

Don’t worry if no help text appears.

Drop LibreOffice icon on the Launcher Now, drop the LibreOffice icon on the Launcher.

You can see that the shortcut is now added to the Launcher.

This is how we can add shortcuts on the Launcher.
About Multiple Desktop/Workspace switcher (Slide) The next important feature in Ubuntu Linux OS is multiple desktop or Workspace Switcher.
About Multiple Desktop/Workspace switcher (Slide) Sometimes we may be working on multiple applications.

And we may find it difficult to switch from one application to another.

To make it more convenient, we can use Workspace Switcher.

Back to the desktop. Let’s come back to the Launcher.
Click on the Launcher >> locate Workspace Switcher. On the Launcher,locate Workspace Switcher icon and click on it.
Point to the 4 quadrants. It shows 4 quadrants with 4 Desktops.
Point to the top-left quadrant. By default, the top-left Desktop is selected.

That is the Desktop in which we are currently working.

Click on Workspace Switcher >> select 2nd Desktop Now, let’s select the second Desktop by clicking on it.
Open the Terminal I will open the Terminal here by clicking on the icon in the Launcher.
Click on Workspace Switcher Now, click on the Workspace Switcher again.
Point to 1st & 2nd Desktop You can see
  • the Terminal on the second Workspace Switcher
  • and our Desktop on the first.

In this way, you can work on multiple Desktops.


Double-click on the first desktop Let us come back to the first Desktop.
Point to Trash icon on Launcher. Trash is another important icon on the Launcher.
Slide Number

About Trash

Trash contains all the deleted files and folders.

In case we delete a file accidentally, we can restore it from Trash.

Back to desktop >> Right click on file>> select Move to Trash option To demonstrate this, I will delete DIW file, which is on my Desktop.

Right-click on the file and click on the option Move to Trash.

Click on Trash icon

To restore it, just click on the Trash icon in the Launcher.

The Trash folder opens.

Select the file >> click on Restore option Select the file, right-click on it and click on Restore.
Close it.

Screenshot of the restored File

Close the Trash folder window and come back to the desktop.

We can see the file which we deleted earlier is now restored.

Select the file >> Press Shift+Delete. To delete a file permanently from your system, first select it and then press Shift+Delete.
A dialog box saying Are you sure want to permanently delete DIW will appear.

Click on Delete.

Click on Trash icon Click on the Trash icon once again.
In the Trash folder We can't find the file in the Trash folder, as it is permanently deleted from our system.


Point towards the top right corner Now, we'll see some applications available at the top right corner of the Desktop.
Internet Connectivity icon First one is Internet connectivity.

Connection is established if you are connected to any Lan or Wifi network.

You can see these over here.

Pointing to the available networks You can select the network which you have access to.
Point to Enable Networking To Enable/ Disable the network, check/uncheck the Enable Networking option.
Point to Edit Connections... We can also edit the networks using Edit Connections option.
Point to Sound icon Next option is Sound.

Click on it.

Point to the slider You can see a slider here.
Now, drag the slider to the left and then to right. This helps us to increase or decrease the audio level, as per our choice.
Click on Sound Settings. We can further adjust the sound level of our system by clicking on Sound Settings.

Explore the settings in this window on your own.

Time & Date icon Next icon is Time & Date.

If we click on this icon, the calendar opens up.

We can see the current date, month and year here.

Point and click on the left and right arrow buttons on Month and Year Arrow buttons allow us to move to other months and years, as per our choice.
Clicking on Time & Date settings We can edit date and time by clicking on Time & Date Settings.

Explore this option further on your own.

Clicking on Wheel icon

Point to System Settings, Printers, Log Out and Shut Down options.

Next, click on the wheel icon.

Here we can see some shortcut options along with Log Out and Shut Down options.

Point to user account

We can also see all the User accounts available in our system.

We can switch to whichever user account we wish to, by clicking on that particular user.

Summary Let us summarise.
In this tutorial we have learnt about the Launcher and how to:
  • Remove and add applications in the Launcher
  • Use multiple desktops
  • Internet connectivity
  • Sound settings
  • Time & Date settings
  • and switch to other user accounts
Acknowledgement The video at the following link summarises the Spoken Tutorial Project.

Pls watch it.

Acknowledgement The Spoken Tutorial Project team
  • conducts workshops
  • and gives certificates on passing online tests.

For details, please write to us.

Acknowledgement Spoken Tutorial Project is funded by NMEICT, MHRD, Govt of India.

More information on this mission is available at the following link.

Previous slide This tutorial is contributed by Gaurav Shinde and Praveen S.

Thankyou for Joining.

Contributors and Content Editors

Gaurav, Nancyvarkey