Difference between revisions of "Health-and-Nutrition/C2/Vegetarian-recipes-for-6-month-old-babies/English-timed"

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|-
 
|-
| 00:01
+
| 00:00
| Welcome to the '''Spoken tutorial''' on Nutritious powder recipes for 6 to 24 month old children.
+
| Welcome to the '''Spoken tutorial '''on Vegetarian recipes for 6 month old babies.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 00:08
+
| 00:07
| In this tutorial we will learn various recipes of nutritious powders such as-  
+
| In this tutorial, we will learn-
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 00:14
+
| 00:10
| amylase powder
+
| Introduction to complementary feeding
+
 
 +
|-
 +
| 00:13
 +
| and How to prepare Vegetarian recipes such as-
 +
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 00:17
 
| 00:17
| powder of seeds
+
| Black-eyed beans puree
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 00:19
 
| 00:19
| powder of nuts and seeds
+
| Pumpkin puree
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 00:22
+
| 00:21
| powder of beans
+
| Ragi porridge
 +
 
 +
Sorghum porridge
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 00:24
 
| 00:24
| powder of curry leaves  
+
| and Spinach leaves puree
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 00:26
+
| 00:27
| and powder of drumstick leaves
+
| Before we begin, it is important to remember that-
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 00:29
+
| 00:31
| There are various nutritious powders which can be made at home without much effort.
+
| Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first six months.
 
+
+
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 00:36
 
| 00:36
| These powders have nutrients which support the growth and development of infants.
+
| After completion of 6 months, breast milk is not enough for the baby.
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 00:42
 
| 00:42
| It is recommended that:
+
| Therefore, along with breastfeeding the baby should be fed home cooked food too.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 00:44
+
| 00:48
| These powders should be given to the baby when she completes 6 months of age.  
+
| It is known as complementary feeding.
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 00:51
 
| 00:51
| Whenever any powder is introduced to a baby-
+
| While introducing a Complementary food to the baby, start one food at a time.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 00:54
+
| 00:57
| It should be added in baby’s food for 3 or 4 consecutive days.
+
| It will help to find if the baby is allergic to any food.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 00:59
+
| 01:02
| After 3 or 4 days, introduce a new powder to the baby.
+
| Once the baby gets comfortable, start giving the combination of ingredients.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 01:05
+
| 01:09
| These two powders can be mixed but both powders should have been tried individually
+
| Initially, start with one tablespoon twice a day
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 01:10
+
| 01:13
| and the baby should not have had any allergies like rashes or swelling on the face and the body.
+
| then, gradually, go up to 4 tablespoons twice a day.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 01:19
+
| 01:18
| Whenever any powder containing allergens such as nuts is introduced to the child, then-
+
| Apart from these, while preparing the baby’s food always use local, regional and seasonal ingredients.
 
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 01:26
+
| 01:29
| start with the small portion such as the tip of a teaspoon
+
| Please, do not add salt and honey in baby’s food till she turns one.
 
+
|-
+
| 01:31
+
| wait for 10 minutes and then gradually feed it to the child.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 01:36
 
| 01:36
| Please, do not add salt in baby’s food till she turns one.
+
| Also, do not add sugar and jaggery until the baby is 2 years of age.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 01:41
+
| 01:43
| Also, do not include sugar and jaggery until the baby is 2 years of age.
+
| After completion of 6 months,
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 01:47
+
| 01:45
| Now let’s learn how to make these nutritious powders at home.
+
| the baby requires up to 200 calories of energy from complementary foods.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 01:52
+
| 01:51
| But before that keep in mind-
+
| Only well cooked and a pureed form of the food should be given.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 01:54
+
| 01:56
| The recipes in this tutorial have been made using the following methods-
+
| Let’s begin with our recipes but, before that keep in mind-
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:00
+
| 02:01
| Soaking
+
| One can use breastmilk
 
+
Roasting
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:03
+
| 02:04
| germination
+
| coconut milk or
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:05
+
| 02:06
| and cooking
+
| boiled and cooled water to make the following recipes.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:07
+
| 02:10
| Cooking may include any one or combination of following methods:
+
| The first recipe is Black-eyed beans puree.
 
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:12
+
| 02:14
| dry roasting
+
| To make it, we will need one tablespoon of sprouted Black-eyed beans or Cowpeas
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:14
+
| 02:21
| steaming
+
| Note that, the procedure of sprouting has been explained in another tutorial of the same series.
 
+
and boiling
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:17
+
| 02:29
| All these methods will reduce Phytates and Oxalates in the food which prevents absorption of minerals from the food
+
| Start the preparation by gently washing sprouted Black-eyed beans.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:26
+
| 02:35
| and will improve nutrient absorption from the food.
+
| Take out these beans in a steel container
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:30
+
| 02:39
| Now, let’s begin with our first recipe:
+
| and soak it for an hour or two.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:33
+
| 02:42
| '''Amylase powder'''
+
| Then, gently remove the outer cover by rubbing between fingers.
 
+
But first, let us discuss the benefits of it-
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:39
+
| 02:47
| '''Amylase''' is an enzyme or chemical required for the digestion of food.
+
| Separate the outer covers
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:45
+
| 02:49
| It is produced in a limited amount in the baby’s body.
+
| and take out these beans in a steel pot.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:50
+
| 02:52
| This powder provides additional '''amylase''' and
+
| Add water until the beans get covered.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:53
+
| 02:56
| increases nutrient content and absorption from the food in which it is added.
+
| Keep this steel pot in a pressure cooker.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 02:59
+
| 03:00
| Thus, '''amylase''' rich flour or '''amylase''' powder should be given to the baby.
+
| Cook it until 4-5 whistles.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 03:05
+
| 03:03
| Let's learn the recipe for Amylase powder.
+
| Remove it from the flame and allow it to cool for some time.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 03:08
+
| 03:07
| Ingredients required for making '''Amylase''' powder are-
+
| Now, gently separate cooked outer covers if there are any
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 03:13
 
| 03:13
| ½ cup of Wheat
+
| and make a puree of boiled beans using a mixer or a stone grinder.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 03:15
+
| 03:20
| ½ cup of Green Gram and
+
| Add a little amount of boiled water
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 03:17
+
| 03:23
| ½ cup of Ragi
+
| or the remaining pressure cooked water
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 03:19
+
| 03:26
| Procedure:
+
| and the Black-eyed beans puree is ready.
 
+
First, soak all the items separately in water for around 10 hours.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 03:25
+
| 03:30
| Soaking will improve the moisture content of ingredients.
+
| This Black-eyed beans puree is rich in '''Protein'''
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 03:29
+
| 03:33
| After 10 hours remove all the items.
+
| '''Phosphorus'''
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 03:33
+
| 03:35
| Keep them in a strainer and let all the water drain out.
+
| '''Iron'''
 +
 
 +
Zinc
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 03:38
+
| 03:37
| Then, one by one tie all the ingredients in a clean and dry cotton cloth.
+
| and '''Magnesium'''
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 03:43
+
| 03:39
| Keep them aside till they sprout.
+
| To make such purees, you can also use any locally available alternatives such as-
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 03:46
 
| 03:46
| This process is called Germination.
+
| Moth beans
 +
 
 +
Bengal gram
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 03:49
 
| 03:49
| Note that-
+
| Yellow peas
 +
 
 +
Red lentils
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 03:51
 
| 03:51
| Some items will take longer time and
+
| Green peas
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 03:53
 
| 03:53
| Some will take a shorter period of time for germination.
+
| Kidney beans
 +
 
 +
Chickpeas
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| 03:55
 +
| Horse gram, etc.
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 03:57
 
| 03:57
| Here, Ragi will take longer time than other ingredients.
+
| The second recipe is Pumpkin puree.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 04:02
+
| 04:01
| After germination dry them in the sunlight for a day or two.
+
| For that we require 250 grams of Yellow Pumpkin
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 04:07
+
| 04:05
| After drying, roast all the items on a low flame till they completely dry off.
+
| and for the preparation take cleaned and washed Pumpkin.
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| 04:10
 +
| Remove the seeds.
 +
 
 +
|-
 +
| 04:12
 +
| Dice it in small pieces.
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 04:14
 
| 04:14
| Remember:
+
| Then, cook it in a steamer for around 15 minutes.
  
During roasting, continuous stirring is required.
+
|-
 +
| 04:18
 +
| Remove it from the flame
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 04:20
 
| 04:20
| Next, separate the outer cover of all items by rubbing between clean hands.
+
| and let it cool for some time.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 04:26
+
| 04:22
| After removing the outer cover, mix all the ingredients.
+
| Now make a puree of this cooked Pumpkin using a mixer or a stone grinder.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 04:30
+
| 04:29
| Now make a powder of this mixture using the grinder.
+
| The Pumpkin puree is ready.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 04:35
+
| 04:32
| And the '''Amylase''' powder is ready.
+
| This Pumpkin puree is a source of '''Vitamin A'''
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 04:39
+
| 04:36
| Store this '''Amylase''' powder in an airtight container.
+
| '''Folate'''
 +
 
 +
'''Choline'''
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 04:43
+
| 04:38
| One can add 1 teaspoon of '''Amylase''' powder in various baby food before cooking such as-
+
| '''Potassium'''
 +
 
 +
and '''Sulphur'''
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 04:49
+
| 04:41
| thick dals
+
| If Pumpkin is not available then other vegetables used are-
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 04:51
+
| 04:46
| vegetable puree
+
| Green Pumpkin
  
and khichdi
+
White Pumpkin, etc.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 04:54
+
| 04:50
| Otherwise, one can also make a porridge of '''Amylase''' powder.
+
| Now we will see the third recipe, which is Ragi porridge.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 04:59
+
| 04:54
| 1 teaspoon of '''Amylase''' powder gives
+
| For that, we will require one tablespoon of Ragi powder
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 05:02
+
| 05:00
| around 18 calories and
+
| Please note that:Ragi powder is different from Ragi flour.
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 05:04
 
| 05:04
| 0.6 grams of protein
+
| For this recipe, we need Ragi powder.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 05:07
+
| 05:08
| '''Amylase''' powder has some unique properties which makes it special for a baby.
+
| Therefore, we will first see how to make Ragi powder.
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 05:13
 
| 05:13
| It decreases the thickness of the food.
+
| To prepare it-
 +
 
 +
Firstly, soak the Ragi for around 9 to 12 hours.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 05:16
+
| 05:19
| Hence, more '''amylase''' powder can be added in baby's food.
+
| Remove it in a strainer and rinse it thoroughly using water.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 05:20
+
| 05:24
| As it reduces the bulk of the baby's food and makes it nutrient-dense.
+
| Let all the water drain out.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 05:27
+
| 05:26
| Next, we will learn the recipe for powder of seeds.
+
| Then, tie it in a clean cotton cloth.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 05:31
+
| 05:30
| This powder is rich in Zinc,
+
| Keep it aside till it sprouts.
  
'''fibre''',
+
|-
 +
| 05:32
 +
| This process is called Germination.
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 05:35
 
| 05:35
| '''Magnesium'''
+
| After that, dry it in the sunlight for a day or two.
 
+
and '''Calcium'''.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 05:38
+
| 05:40
| These nutrients help in bone development and improve the strength of the baby.
+
| Then, roast it on a low flame for about 10 to 12 minutes.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 05:43
+
| 05:44
| Also this powder is a source of good fat which supports brain development in children.
+
| Remember, continuous stirring is required.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 05:50
+
| 05:48
| The three different seeds required to make this powder are-
+
| This entire process will reduce the phytic acid from the food.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 05:54
+
| 05:53
| ½ cup of black Sesame seeds,
+
| Now, make a powder of it using a mixer or a stone grinder.
 
+
|-
+
| 05:57
+
| ½ cup of Flax seeds and
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 05:59
 
| 05:59
| ½ cup of raw Pumpkin seeds
+
| We can store this powder for a week in an airtight container in a dry, cool place.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 06:02
+
| 06:07
| Procedure:
+
| Next, to make Ragi porridge, take one tablespoon of this Ragi powder.
 
+
One by one dry roast all the seeds on a low flame for around 4 to 5 minutes.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 06:10
+
| 06:12
| Once cooled, make a powder of all roasted items.
+
| Add boiled and cooled water
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 06:14
 
| 06:14
| Keep this powder in an airtight jar.
+
| or other alternatives as explained earlier.
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 06:18
 
| 06:18
| One teaspoon of this powder should be added to the baby’s food just before cooking.
+
| Mix it well to avoid lumps.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 06:23
+
| 06:21
| It will provide-
+
| Cook this mixture for about 7 to 10 minutes on a low flame.
 
+
around 30 calories and
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 06:26
 
| 06:26
| 2.7 grams of '''protein'''.
+
| Add little amount of water during cooking if required.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 06:30
+
| 06:31
| Our next recipe is powder of nuts and seeds.
+
| It will bring down the consistency of the porridge.
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 06:34
 
| 06:34
| This powder is rich in minerals such as Zinc,
+
| But make sure the consistency of the porridge should not be thin or watery.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 06:37
+
| 06:41
| '''Magnesium''',
+
| The Ragi porridge is now ready.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 06:39
+
| 06:43
| '''Iron''', etc.
+
| This Ragi porridge provides various nutrients such as '''Protein'''
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 06:41
+
| 06:48
| These minerals play a major role in production of red blood cells.
+
| '''Calcium'''
  
|-
+
'''Iron'''
| 06:46
+
| Also, this powder is a source of good fat which supports brain development in children.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 06:53
+
| 06:51
| The ingredients required for making a powder of nuts and seeds are-
+
| '''Potassium'''
 +
 
 +
and '''Sulphur'''
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 06:58
+
| 06:54
| ½ cup of peanut
+
| The fourth recipe is Sorghum porridge.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 07:00
+
| 06:57
| ½ cup of dried shredded coconut.
+
| For that, we will require two tablespoons of Sorghum powder
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 07:02
 
| 07:02
| ½ cup of flax seeds and
+
| and to make the powder, soak the Sorghum in water for 7 to 8 hours.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 07:05
+
| 07:08
| ½ cup of black sesame seeds
+
| After which put it in a strainer and rinse it thoroughly with water.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 07:08
+
| 07:14
| Procedure:
+
| Let all the water drain out.
 
+
One by one dry roast all the seeds and nuts on a medium flame for around 4 to 6 minutes.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 07:16
 
| 07:16
| Then, make a powder of all the roasted seeds by using a stone grinder or a mixer grinder.
+
| Now tie it in a clean cotton cloth and keep it aside till it sprouts.
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 07:23
 
| 07:23
| Keep this powder in an airtight container.
+
| Dry this sprouted Sorghum under the sunlight for a day or two.  
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 07:26
+
| 07:28
| 1 teaspoon of this powder can be added in the baby’s food before cooking.
+
| Roast it on a low flame for 10 to 12 minutes.
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 07:32
 
| 07:32
| It provides-
+
| Then grind it and make a powder of it.
 
+
around 28 calories and  
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 07:35
 
| 07:35
| 0.9 grams of '''protein'''
+
| We can store this powder for a week in an airtight container in a dry, cool place.
 
+
|-
+
| 07:38
+
| Now we will learn the recipe for powder of Beans.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 07:42
 
| 07:42
| This powder is rich in ''''Potassium,
+
| Take two tablespoons of this Sorghum powder in a bowl.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 07:45
+
| 07:46
| Protein,
+
| Add 4 to 5 teaspoons of boiled and cooled water
 
+
Folate,
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 07:47
+
| 07:50
| Magnesium,''' etc.
+
| or other alternatives as mentioned earlier.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 07:49
+
| 07:53
| These nutrients help in bone development and improve the strength of the baby.
+
| Mix well to avoid lump formation.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 07:54
+
| 07:56
| They are also required for the production of red blood cells in our body.
+
| Now cook this mixture on a low flame for 4 to 6 minutes.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 07:59
+
| 08:02
| Ingredients required for making powder of Beans are:
+
| And the Sorghum porridge is ready.
 
+
|-
+
| 08:03
+
| ½ cup of Green Gram,
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 08:05
 
| 08:05
| ½ cup dried Green Peas,
+
| Note that, the Sorghum porridge is rich in '''Protein'''
 
+
|-
+
| 08:07
+
| ½ cup of Chickpeas and
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 08:09
 
| 08:09
| ½ cup of Moth beans
+
| '''Phosphorus'''
 +
 
 +
'''Potassium'''
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
| 08:11
 
| 08:11
| Procedure:
+
| '''Magnesium'''
 
+
First soak all the items in water separately for 10 hours.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 08:17
+
| 08:13
| Soaking will improve the moisture content of ingredients.
+
| '''Selenium'''
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 08:20
+
| 08:15
| After 10 hours remove all the items.
+
| '''Sulphur'''
  
|-
+
and '''Iron'''
| 08:23
+
| Keep them in a sieve and let all the water drain out.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 08:27
+
| 08:17
| Then, one by one tie all the beans in a clean and dry cotton cloth.
+
| The fifth recipe is Spinach leaves puree.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 08:32
+
| 08:22
| Keep them aside till they sprout.
+
| To make Spinach leaves puree we require,
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 08:34
+
| 08:25
| This entire process is called germination.
+
| 2 cups of washed and trimmed Spinach leaves
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 08:38
+
| 08:29
| Please note: As we discussed earlier, the duration of germination will be different for each ingredient.
+
| and one teaspoon of ghee.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 08:45
+
| 08:32
| After germination dry them in the sunlight for a day or two.
+
| Procedure:
  
|-
+
Heat 1 teaspoon of ghee in a pan.
| 08:50
+
| Then, roast all the beans on a medium flame till they completely dry off.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 08:55
+
| 08:36
| During roasting,
+
| Add washed and trimmed Spinach leaves.
 
+
continuous stirring is required.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 08:59
+
| 08:40
| It will avoid burning of all ingredients.
+
| Saute it for 5-7 minutes on a low flame.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 09:02
+
| 08:44
| After roasting-
+
| Now, take out these sauted leaves on a plate
 
+
separate outer cover of all dried beans by rubbing between clean hands.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 09:09
+
| 08:48
| Now grind all the beans together and make a powder of it.
+
| and make a puree of it using a stone grinder or a mixer.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 09:13
+
| 08:53
| Keep this powder in an airtight container.
+
| Now our Spinach leaves puree is ready.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 09:16
+
| 08:57
| Two teaspoons of this powder should be added to the baby’s food during cooking.
+
| Spinach leaves are a source of '''Vitamin A'''
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 09:21
+
| 09:00
| Two teaspoons of this powder provide
+
| '''Folate'''
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 09:23
+
| 09:02
| Around 33 calories and
+
| '''Vitamin C'''
  
|-
+
'''Iron'''
| 09:26
+
| 1.8 grams of Protein.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 09:28
+
| 09:04
| Next, we will learn the recipe for powder of curry leaves:
+
| '''Magnesium'''
  
|-
+
and '''Calcium'''
| 09:32
+
| Curry leaves are rich in '''fibre,
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 09:34
+
| 09:08
| Iron,
+
| One can use any locally available leafy vegetables to make such kind of puree.
 
+
Calcium'''
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 09:36
+
| 09:14
| and '''Vitamin C'''.
+
| For example;
  
|-
+
Red Amaranth leaves
| 09:38
+
| All these nutrients play a vital role in digestion and tooth development.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 09:43
+
| 09:17
| Also they boost the immunity of the baby.
+
| Drumstick leaves
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 09:46
+
| 09:19
| We will need-
+
| Radish leaves
 
+
Curry leaves for making this powder.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 09:49
+
| 09:21
| Procedure-
+
| Fenugreek leaves
  
Wash curry leaves thoroughly in clean water.
+
and Mustard leaves
 
+
|-
+
| 09:53
+
| Let them dry under the shade.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 09:55
+
| Then, make a powder of these dried curry leaves and  
+
 
+
|-
+
| 09:58
+
| store this powder in an airtight container.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:02
+
| ¼ teaspoon of this powder can be added in baby’s food before cooking.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:07
+
| It gives around 9 milligrams of '''calcium'''.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:10
+
| Next let’s learn, how to make the powder of Drumstick leaves-
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:15
+
| This powder contains a good amount of '''Calcium''',
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:18
+
| '''Iron''',
+
 
+
'''Vitamin C,
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:20
+
| Vitamin A,
+
 
+
Protein'''
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:22
+
| and '''Sulphur'''.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:23
+
| These nutrients are required for the development of gums
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:27
+
| and the healthy eyes of the baby.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:30
+
| They fight against infection and improves the strength of the baby.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:35
+
| We will require drumstick leaves for making this powder.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:39
+
| Procedure-
+
 
+
First wash all the drumstick leaves thoroughly in clean water.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:45
+
| Dry these leaves under the shade.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:47
+
| Now make a powder of these dried drumstick leaves
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:51
+
| and store this powder in an airtight container.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:54
+
|.1/4 teaspoon of this powder should be added to the baby’s food before cooking.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 10:59
+
|.It will provide around 5 milligrams of '''Calcium'''.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 11:03
+
| Apart from these always remember the following-
+
 
+
|-
+
| 11:07
+
| Curry leaves powder and drumstick leaves powder should be given with '''Calcium''' rich food such as-
+
 
+
|-
+
| 11:13
+
| roasted Sesame seeds
+
 
+
|-
+
| 11:15
+
|sprouted Chickpeas
+
 
+
|-
+
| 11:17
+
|sprouted Bengal gram, etc.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 11:20
+
| Once the baby completes 9 months,
+
 
+
|-
+
| 11:23
+
| these powders can be given with curd.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 11:26
+
| Also, one can use any local and seasonal nuts, seeds and beans for making these powder recipes.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 11:34
+
| Don’t forget to add these powders in every meal of your baby.
+
 
+
|-
+
| 11:38
+
| And each powder should be added before cooking as the powder needs to be cooked along with the meal.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 11:47
+
| 09:24
 
| This brings us to the end of this tutorial.
 
| This brings us to the end of this tutorial.
  

Latest revision as of 13:10, 10 February 2020

Time
Narration
00:00 Welcome to the Spoken tutorial on Vegetarian recipes for 6 month old babies.
00:07 In this tutorial, we will learn-
00:10 Introduction to complementary feeding
00:13 and How to prepare Vegetarian recipes such as-
00:17 Black-eyed beans puree
00:19 Pumpkin puree
00:21 Ragi porridge

Sorghum porridge

00:24 and Spinach leaves puree
00:27 Before we begin, it is important to remember that-
00:31 Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for the first six months.
00:36 After completion of 6 months, breast milk is not enough for the baby.
00:42 Therefore, along with breastfeeding the baby should be fed home cooked food too.
00:48 It is known as complementary feeding.
00:51 While introducing a Complementary food to the baby, start one food at a time.
00:57 It will help to find if the baby is allergic to any food.
01:02 Once the baby gets comfortable, start giving the combination of ingredients.
01:09 Initially, start with one tablespoon twice a day
01:13 then, gradually, go up to 4 tablespoons twice a day.
01:18 Apart from these, while preparing the baby’s food always use local, regional and seasonal ingredients.
01:29 Please, do not add salt and honey in baby’s food till she turns one.
01:36 Also, do not add sugar and jaggery until the baby is 2 years of age.
01:43 After completion of 6 months,
01:45 the baby requires up to 200 calories of energy from complementary foods.
01:51 Only well cooked and a pureed form of the food should be given.
01:56 Let’s begin with our recipes but, before that keep in mind-
02:01 One can use breastmilk
02:04 coconut milk or
02:06 boiled and cooled water to make the following recipes.
02:10 The first recipe is Black-eyed beans puree.
02:14 To make it, we will need one tablespoon of sprouted Black-eyed beans or Cowpeas
02:21 Note that, the procedure of sprouting has been explained in another tutorial of the same series.
02:29 Start the preparation by gently washing sprouted Black-eyed beans.
02:35 Take out these beans in a steel container
02:39 and soak it for an hour or two.
02:42 Then, gently remove the outer cover by rubbing between fingers.
02:47 Separate the outer covers
02:49 and take out these beans in a steel pot.
02:52 Add water until the beans get covered.
02:56 Keep this steel pot in a pressure cooker.
03:00 Cook it until 4-5 whistles.
03:03 Remove it from the flame and allow it to cool for some time.
03:07 Now, gently separate cooked outer covers if there are any
03:13 and make a puree of boiled beans using a mixer or a stone grinder.
03:20 Add a little amount of boiled water
03:23 or the remaining pressure cooked water
03:26 and the Black-eyed beans puree is ready.
03:30 This Black-eyed beans puree is rich in Protein
03:33 Phosphorus
03:35 Iron

Zinc

03:37 and Magnesium
03:39 To make such purees, you can also use any locally available alternatives such as-
03:46 Moth beans

Bengal gram

03:49 Yellow peas

Red lentils

03:51 Green peas
03:53 Kidney beans

Chickpeas

03:55 Horse gram, etc.
03:57 The second recipe is Pumpkin puree.
04:01 For that we require 250 grams of Yellow Pumpkin
04:05 and for the preparation take cleaned and washed Pumpkin.
04:10 Remove the seeds.
04:12 Dice it in small pieces.
04:14 Then, cook it in a steamer for around 15 minutes.
04:18 Remove it from the flame
04:20 and let it cool for some time.
04:22 Now make a puree of this cooked Pumpkin using a mixer or a stone grinder.
04:29 The Pumpkin puree is ready.
04:32 This Pumpkin puree is a source of Vitamin A
04:36 Folate

Choline

04:38 Potassium

and Sulphur

04:41 If Pumpkin is not available then other vegetables used are-
04:46 Green Pumpkin

White Pumpkin, etc.

04:50 Now we will see the third recipe, which is Ragi porridge.
04:54 For that, we will require one tablespoon of Ragi powder
05:00 Please note that:Ragi powder is different from Ragi flour.
05:04 For this recipe, we need Ragi powder.
05:08 Therefore, we will first see how to make Ragi powder.
05:13 To prepare it-

Firstly, soak the Ragi for around 9 to 12 hours.

05:19 Remove it in a strainer and rinse it thoroughly using water.
05:24 Let all the water drain out.
05:26 Then, tie it in a clean cotton cloth.
05:30 Keep it aside till it sprouts.
05:32 This process is called Germination.
05:35 After that, dry it in the sunlight for a day or two.
05:40 Then, roast it on a low flame for about 10 to 12 minutes.
05:44 Remember, continuous stirring is required.
05:48 This entire process will reduce the phytic acid from the food.
05:53 Now, make a powder of it using a mixer or a stone grinder.
05:59 We can store this powder for a week in an airtight container in a dry, cool place.
06:07 Next, to make Ragi porridge, take one tablespoon of this Ragi powder.
06:12 Add boiled and cooled water
06:14 or other alternatives as explained earlier.
06:18 Mix it well to avoid lumps.
06:21 Cook this mixture for about 7 to 10 minutes on a low flame.
06:26 Add little amount of water during cooking if required.
06:31 It will bring down the consistency of the porridge.
06:34 But make sure the consistency of the porridge should not be thin or watery.
06:41 The Ragi porridge is now ready.
06:43 This Ragi porridge provides various nutrients such as Protein
06:48 Calcium

Iron

06:51 Potassium

and Sulphur

06:54 The fourth recipe is Sorghum porridge.
06:57 For that, we will require two tablespoons of Sorghum powder
07:02 and to make the powder, soak the Sorghum in water for 7 to 8 hours.
07:08 After which put it in a strainer and rinse it thoroughly with water.
07:14 Let all the water drain out.
07:16 Now tie it in a clean cotton cloth and keep it aside till it sprouts.
07:23 Dry this sprouted Sorghum under the sunlight for a day or two.
07:28 Roast it on a low flame for 10 to 12 minutes.
07:32 Then grind it and make a powder of it.
07:35 We can store this powder for a week in an airtight container in a dry, cool place.
07:42 Take two tablespoons of this Sorghum powder in a bowl.
07:46 Add 4 to 5 teaspoons of boiled and cooled water
07:50 or other alternatives as mentioned earlier.
07:53 Mix well to avoid lump formation.
07:56 Now cook this mixture on a low flame for 4 to 6 minutes.
08:02 And the Sorghum porridge is ready.
08:05 Note that, the Sorghum porridge is rich in Protein
08:09 Phosphorus
Potassium
08:11 Magnesium
08:13 Selenium
08:15 Sulphur

and Iron

08:17 The fifth recipe is Spinach leaves puree.
08:22 To make Spinach leaves puree we require,
08:25 2 cups of washed and trimmed Spinach leaves
08:29 and one teaspoon of ghee.
08:32 Procedure:

Heat 1 teaspoon of ghee in a pan.

08:36 Add washed and trimmed Spinach leaves.
08:40 Saute it for 5-7 minutes on a low flame.
08:44 Now, take out these sauted leaves on a plate
08:48 and make a puree of it using a stone grinder or a mixer.
08:53 Now our Spinach leaves puree is ready.
08:57 Spinach leaves are a source of Vitamin A
09:00 Folate
09:02 Vitamin C

Iron

09:04 Magnesium

and Calcium

09:08 One can use any locally available leafy vegetables to make such kind of puree.
09:14 For example;

Red Amaranth leaves

09:17 Drumstick leaves
09:19 Radish leaves
09:21 Fenugreek leaves

and Mustard leaves

09:24 This brings us to the end of this tutorial.

Thanks for joining

Contributors and Content Editors

Bellatony911, PoojaMoolya