Difference between revisions of "Health-and-Nutrition/C2/How-to-bathe-a-newborn/English"

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(Created page with "{|border=1 | <center>Visual Cue</center> |<center>Narration</center> |- | Title Slide | Welcome to the '''Spoken Tutorial '''on '''How to bathe a newborn.''' |- | Collage: S...")
 
(3 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 21: Line 21:
  
 
Image: A baby with cradle cap
 
Image: A baby with cradle cap
 
  
 
| In this tutorial, we will learn about-
 
| In this tutorial, we will learn about-
 
 
* safety tips for a mother or a caregiver before and during the bath
 
* safety tips for a mother or a caregiver before and during the bath
 
* When to give a baby its first bath?
 
* When to give a baby its first bath?
Line 32: Line 30:
 
* Bath to babies in hilly areas or cold regions
 
* Bath to babies in hilly areas or cold regions
 
* '''Cradle cap'''
 
* '''Cradle cap'''
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Image: Bathing
 
| Image: Bathing
Line 40: Line 37:
 
Image: injury
 
Image: injury
  
Image: Unclipped fingernails, clipped fingernails
+
|
 
+
* All new parents are anxious about how to bathe a newborn.
| All new parents are anxious about how to bathe a newborn.
+
 
* Lot of care must be taken while bathing the baby.
 
* Lot of care must be taken while bathing the baby.
 
* One wrong step can harm the newborn a lot.
 
* One wrong step can harm the newborn a lot.
  
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Unclipped fingernails
+
|  
 +
Collage: A safety tips to be followed before bathing a baby
 +
 
 +
Image: Unclipped fingernails Red cross mark
  
Image: Clipped fingernails
+
Image: Clipped fingernails with a Green check mark
  
 
Image: Rings, bangles and watches  
 
Image: Rings, bangles and watches  
Line 61: Line 60:
 
** should not wear any rings, bangles or watches.
 
** should not wear any rings, bangles or watches.
 
* This will reduce the chances of injury to the baby.
 
* This will reduce the chances of injury to the baby.
 +
 
|-
 
|-
 
|   
 
|   
 +
 
Image: Sponge bath  
 
Image: Sponge bath  
  
Image: C-section delivery
+
Image: Natural delivery, C-section delivery
  
 
Image: Clock animation
 
Image: Clock animation
  
Image: Umbilical cord
+
Image: A baby with umbilical stump
  
| So, when to give a baby its first bath?
+
Image: A baby with fallen umbilical cord
  
 +
| So, when to give a baby its first bath?
 
* Mother can start giving a sponge bath to the baby after 48 hours of delivery.
 
* Mother can start giving a sponge bath to the baby after 48 hours of delivery.
 
 
* Remember that only sponge bath should be given until the umbilical cord falls off.
 
* Remember that only sponge bath should be given until the umbilical cord falls off.
 +
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: A baby with
+
| Image: A baby with fallen umbilical cord
  
 
Image: Regular bath
 
Image: Regular bath
  
| * Once the cord falls off -
 
** The mother or any other family member can start giving regular bath to the baby.
 
|-
 
 
|  
 
|  
Image: A mother is giving a sponge bath to the baby
+
*Once the cord falls off -
 +
** the mother or any other family member can start giving regular bath to the baby.
  
 +
|-
 
|  
 
|  
* However, in case a baby has low birth weight then -
+
Image: A baby with low birth weight
** such baby should be given sponge baths until it gains weight up to 2 kilograms.
+
  
 +
Image: Sponge bath
 +
 +
Image: A baby placed on digital weighing scale
 +
|
 +
*However, in case a baby has low birth weight then -
 +
** such baby should be given sponge baths until it gains weight up to 2 kilograms.
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Sponge bath
+
|  
 +
Image: Sponge bath
  
 
Image: Warm room
 
Image: Warm room
  
Image: Flat surface-floor
+
Image: A room with open windows-Red cross mark
  
Image: Air draft blowing with Red cross mark
+
Image: A room with closed windows
  
 +
Image: Small, soft clean cloth
 
|  
 
|  
 
Let us see how Sponge bath is given.
 
Let us see how Sponge bath is given.
Line 105: Line 113:
 
* The room should be warm enough with closed windows.
 
* The room should be warm enough with closed windows.
 
* Keep a very soft, clean, small cloth ready before giving a sponge bath
 
* Keep a very soft, clean, small cloth ready before giving a sponge bath
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
Image: flat surface
+
Image: Flat surface
  
 
Image: Floor
 
Image: Floor
  
Image: A baby placed on a high platform
+
Image: A baby placed on a high platform with Red cross mark
 
+
 
|  
 
|  
 
* The baby should be placed on a safe, flat surface-
 
* The baby should be placed on a safe, flat surface-
Line 120: Line 126:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Thermometer
+
|  
 +
Image: Thermometer and tub
  
Image: A mother is checking the temperature of the water.
+
Image: A mother is checking the temperature of the water using her elbow or wrist.
 
+
|  
| * The temperature of the water for bathing should not be more than 37 degrees celsius.
+
* The temperature of the water for bathing should not be more than 37 degrees celsius.
 
* Mother should check the temperature of the water using her elbow or wrist.
 
* Mother should check the temperature of the water using her elbow or wrist.
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Soapy water
+
|  
 +
Image: A tub containing soapy water
  
Image: Clean water
+
Image: A tub containing clean water
  
 
Image: Baby soap
 
Image: Baby soap
Line 139: Line 146:
 
** always use any mild soap or baby soap.
 
** always use any mild soap or baby soap.
 
* Then, use clean water to remove the soap.
 
* Then, use clean water to remove the soap.
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
 +
Image: Dipped cloth in water
 +
 +
Image: squeezing out excess of water
 +
 
Image: Wiping the baby’s eye
 
Image: Wiping the baby’s eye
  
Line 148: Line 158:
 
Image: Fresh and soft cloth
 
Image: Fresh and soft cloth
  
| * Dip the small, soft cloth in water and squeeze out excess water
+
|  
 +
* Dip the small, soft cloth in water and squeeze out excess water
 
* Now wipe the baby’s eye from the inner corner to the outer edge.
 
* Now wipe the baby’s eye from the inner corner to the outer edge.
 
* Do not use the same cloth for wiping other body parts.
 
* Do not use the same cloth for wiping other body parts.
Line 154: Line 165:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Cleaning crease underarms
+
|  
 +
Image: Cleaning the creases underarms
  
 
Image: Cleaning the crease behind ears
 
Image: Cleaning the crease behind ears
Line 167: Line 179:
 
** behind the ears
 
** behind the ears
 
** around the neck
 
** around the neck
** Between fingers and toes and
+
** between fingers and toes and
 
** in the genital area.
 
** in the genital area.
  
Line 179: Line 191:
 
Image: A baby with fallen umbilical cord
 
Image: A baby with fallen umbilical cord
  
| Now that we have discussed what is sponge bath let us learn about regular bath.
+
|  
 
+
* Now that we have discussed what is sponge bath let us learn about regular bath.
 
Please Remember  
 
Please Remember  
 
+
* Regular bath should be given to all healthy babies after the umbilical cord falls off.
Regular bath should be given to all healthy babies after the umbilical cord falls off.
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  
 
|  
Image: A tub containing soapy water.
+
Image: A tub containing soapy water
 +
 
 +
Image: Filling bathtub upto 2 inches
  
 
Image: mild, colourless baby soap
 
Image: mild, colourless baby soap
Line 196: Line 209:
  
 
| During a regular bath, if you are using a bathtub -
 
| During a regular bath, if you are using a bathtub -
 
 
* First, fill the bathtub up to 2 inches with soapy water.
 
* First, fill the bathtub up to 2 inches with soapy water.
 
* To make soapy water-
 
* To make soapy water-
Line 202: Line 214:
 
* Keep another tub ready which contains fresh water.
 
* Keep another tub ready which contains fresh water.
 
* Then, check the temperature of the water with your elbow in both the tubs.
 
* Then, check the temperature of the water with your elbow in both the tubs.
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|
 
|
 
Image: A mother checking the temperature of the water
 
Image: A mother checking the temperature of the water
  
Image: A mother placing the baby in the bathtub
+
Image: A mother placing the baby in the bath tub
  
 
Image: Addition of water during bathing
 
Image: Addition of water during bathing
 
 
|
 
|
 
* After you are satisfied with the temperature of the water -
 
* After you are satisfied with the temperature of the water -
Line 216: Line 226:
 
** ensuring that the head is supported always.
 
** ensuring that the head is supported always.
 
* Do not add extra water when the baby is already in the tub.
 
* Do not add extra water when the baby is already in the tub.
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Washing the baby’s head
+
|  
 +
Image: Washing the baby’s head
  
Image: Cleaning/washing the other body parts of the baby
+
Image: Washing the other body parts of the baby
  
 
Image: Washing the baby's genital area
 
Image: Washing the baby's genital area
  
Image: Gently washing with fresh water
+
Image: Gently washing the baby with fresh water
  
 
| To begin with,
 
| To begin with,
 
 
* First, wash the baby’s head by using odourless and colourless baby shampoo or soap.
 
* First, wash the baby’s head by using odourless and colourless baby shampoo or soap.
 
* Then gently wash away the soap with fresh water.
 
* Then gently wash away the soap with fresh water.
Line 235: Line 244:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Traditional Indian method of bathing
+
|  
 +
Image: Traditional Indian method of bathing
  
 
Image: A mother is sitting on the floor by spreading legs parallel to each other.
 
Image: A mother is sitting on the floor by spreading legs parallel to each other.
  
 +
Image: A baby is placed on mother’s legs
  
 
| On the other hand, if the mother or caregiver wants to give bath to the baby -
 
| On the other hand, if the mother or caregiver wants to give bath to the baby -
 
 
* In the traditional Indian method then -
 
* In the traditional Indian method then -
 
**sit on the floor by spreading your legs parallel to each other
 
**sit on the floor by spreading your legs parallel to each other
 
** then, place the baby on your leg
 
** then, place the baby on your leg
** baby’s head should be near the mother or caregiver’s feet
+
** baby’s head should be near the mother or caregiver’s feet.
** Baby’s feet should be near the mother or caregiver’s stomach
+
** Baby’s feet should be near the mother or caregiver’s stomach.
** now the baby is in the correct position to be bathed
+
** now the baby is in the correct position to be bathed.
 
+
 
+
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: A mother drying the baby
+
|  
 +
Image: A mother drying the baby
  
Collage: Drying the creases on the baby's body.
+
Collage: Drying the creases of baby's body.
  
 
| After bathing, dry the baby immediately using soft and clean towels.
 
| After bathing, dry the baby immediately using soft and clean towels.
 
 
* Remember to dry the creases as explained earlier.
 
* Remember to dry the creases as explained earlier.
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Talcum powder
+
|  
 +
Image: Talcum powder
  
 
Image: A mother applying talcum powder on the baby's abdomen.
 
Image: A mother applying talcum powder on the baby's abdomen.
Line 269: Line 276:
 
Image: A mother applying kajal or Surma in the baby's eyes.
 
Image: A mother applying kajal or Surma in the baby's eyes.
  
| * Also avoid using talcum powder or baby powder
+
Image: Breathing difficulties
 +
|  
 +
* Also avoid using talcum powder or baby powder
 
* Baby powders may cause breathing difficulties in newborns.
 
* Baby powders may cause breathing difficulties in newborns.
* Never useSurmaa or kajal in the eyes
+
* Never use Surmaa or kajal in the eyes
* Use Surma or kajal may lead to lead poisoning and infection in newborns.
+
* Use Surmaa or kajal may lead to lead poisoning and infection in newborns.
 
+
 
+
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Hilly region
+
|  
 +
Image: Hilly region
  
 
Image: Cold region
 
Image: Cold region
Line 282: Line 290:
 
| Interestingly, special care must be taken for the babies -
 
| Interestingly, special care must be taken for the babies -
 
* living in hilly areas or
 
* living in hilly areas or
Cold region
+
* Cold regions
 
+
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Sponge bath
+
|  
 +
Image: Sponge bath
  
 
Image: Skin to skin contact
 
Image: Skin to skin contact
Line 291: Line 299:
 
Image: A baby with low body temperature  
 
Image: A baby with low body temperature  
  
 
+
|  
| For babies in such places- a quick daily sponge bath can be given before the cord falls off.
+
*For babies in such places-
 +
**a quick daily sponge bath can be given before the cord falls off.
 
* However, immediately after drying the baby -
 
* However, immediately after drying the baby -
*
 
 
** mother or caregiver must provide skin to skin contact to the baby
 
** mother or caregiver must provide skin to skin contact to the baby
** this will reduce the risk of low body temperature in babies.
+
* this will reduce the risk of low body temperature in babies.
 
+
  
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Shampooing
+
|  
 +
Image: Shampooing
  
 
GIF: Calendar
 
GIF: Calendar
 
Image: A baby with dry scalp
 
 
 
| Please note that:
 
| Please note that:
 
* Shampooing should be done twice a week.
 
* Shampooing should be done twice a week.
Line 311: Line 316:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Crusty patches
+
|  
 +
Image: Crusty patches
  
 
Image: A baby with Cradle cap
 
Image: A baby with Cradle cap
Line 322: Line 328:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: A baby with Cradle cap
+
|  
 +
Image: A baby with Cradle cap
 +
 
 +
Image: Redness around the scalp
  
 
Image: Baby oil
 
Image: Baby oil
Line 331: Line 340:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Applying oil on Baby's scalp
+
|  
 +
Image: Applying oil on the baby's scalp
  
 
Image: Applying excess of oil on the baby's scalp with the Red cross mark
 
Image: Applying excess of oil on the baby's scalp with the Red cross mark
  
| * When applying the oil, rub only small amount into the scales.
+
|  
 +
* When applying the oil, rub only small amount into the scales.
 
* Too much oil may worsen the condition.
 
* Too much oil may worsen the condition.
 
  
 
|-
 
|-
| Image: Baby Shampoo
+
|  
 +
Image: Baby Shampoo
 +
 
 +
GIF: Clock animation
  
 
Image: A baby with Cradle cap
 
Image: A baby with Cradle cap
Line 350: Line 363:
 
Image: Pulling the scales with the Red cross mark
 
Image: Pulling the scales with the Red cross mark
  
| * Then, wash the baby's hair with a mild tear-free baby shampoo within an hour or two.
+
|  
 +
* Then, wash the baby's hair with a mild tear-free baby shampoo within an hour or two.
 
* After that, gently brush out the scales an hour later to avoid more build-up.
 
* After that, gently brush out the scales an hour later to avoid more build-up.
 
* Never pull the scales as it leads to the sore scalp and further infection.
 
* Never pull the scales as it leads to the sore scalp and further infection.
Line 358: Line 372:
  
 
| This brings us to the end of this tutorial on '''How to bathe a newborn.'''
 
| This brings us to the end of this tutorial on '''How to bathe a newborn.'''
 
 
Thanks for joining
 
Thanks for joining
  
 
|}
 
|}

Revision as of 04:00, 16 August 2019

Visual Cue
Narration
Title Slide Welcome to the Spoken Tutorial on How to bathe a newborn.
Collage: Safety tips

Image: Bathing

Image: Sponge bath

Image: Regular bath

Image: Traditional bath

Image: Hilly area and cold region

Image: A baby with cradle cap

In this tutorial, we will learn about-
  • safety tips for a mother or a caregiver before and during the bath
  • When to give a baby its first bath?
  • Sponge bath
  • Regular bath
  • Traditional bath
  • Bath to babies in hilly areas or cold regions
  • Cradle cap
Image: Bathing

Collage: Safety tips to be followed before bathing

Image: injury

  • All new parents are anxious about how to bathe a newborn.
  • Lot of care must be taken while bathing the baby.
  • One wrong step can harm the newborn a lot.

Collage: A safety tips to be followed before bathing a baby

Image: Unclipped fingernails Red cross mark

Image: Clipped fingernails with a Green check mark

Image: Rings, bangles and watches

Image: Injury

Before we begin, it is important to know the:

Safety tips to be followed before bathing a baby

  • The mother or the family member-
    • should always have clipped fingernails before touching the baby.
    • should not wear any rings, bangles or watches.
  • This will reduce the chances of injury to the baby.

Image: Sponge bath

Image: Natural delivery, C-section delivery

Image: Clock animation

Image: A baby with umbilical stump

Image: A baby with fallen umbilical cord

So, when to give a baby its first bath?
  • Mother can start giving a sponge bath to the baby after 48 hours of delivery.
  • Remember that only sponge bath should be given until the umbilical cord falls off.
Image: A baby with fallen umbilical cord

Image: Regular bath

  • Once the cord falls off -
    • the mother or any other family member can start giving regular bath to the baby.

Image: A baby with low birth weight

Image: Sponge bath

Image: A baby placed on digital weighing scale

  • However, in case a baby has low birth weight then -
    • such baby should be given sponge baths until it gains weight up to 2 kilograms.

Image: Sponge bath

Image: Warm room

Image: A room with open windows-Red cross mark

Image: A room with closed windows

Image: Small, soft clean cloth

Let us see how Sponge bath is given. Before starting, ensure that-

  • The room should be warm enough with closed windows.
  • Keep a very soft, clean, small cloth ready before giving a sponge bath

Image: Flat surface

Image: Floor

Image: A baby placed on a high platform with Red cross mark

  • The baby should be placed on a safe, flat surface-
    • the floor would be the safest one.
    • do not keep the baby on a high platform.

Image: Thermometer and tub

Image: A mother is checking the temperature of the water using her elbow or wrist.

  • The temperature of the water for bathing should not be more than 37 degrees celsius.
  • Mother should check the temperature of the water using her elbow or wrist.

Image: A tub containing soapy water

Image: A tub containing clean water

Image: Baby soap

During bathing-
  • First, use soapy water for cleaning.
  • To make soapy water-
    • always use any mild soap or baby soap.
  • Then, use clean water to remove the soap.

Image: Dipped cloth in water

Image: squeezing out excess of water

Image: Wiping the baby’s eye

Image: old cloth and new cloth

Image: Fresh and soft cloth

  • Dip the small, soft cloth in water and squeeze out excess water
  • Now wipe the baby’s eye from the inner corner to the outer edge.
  • Do not use the same cloth for wiping other body parts.
  • Always use a fresh and soft cloth to clean other body parts.

Image: Cleaning the creases underarms

Image: Cleaning the crease behind ears

Image: Cleaning the creases around the neck.

Image: Cleaning the creases near the genital area

  • Also, do not forget to clean creases -
    • under the arms
    • behind the ears
    • around the neck
    • between fingers and toes and
    • in the genital area.
Image: Sponge bath

Image: Regular bath

Image: Healthy baby

Image: A baby with fallen umbilical cord

  • Now that we have discussed what is sponge bath let us learn about regular bath.

Please Remember

  • Regular bath should be given to all healthy babies after the umbilical cord falls off.

Image: A tub containing soapy water

Image: Filling bathtub upto 2 inches

Image: mild, colourless baby soap

Image: A tub containing fresh water

Image: A mother is giving a bath to a baby in a bathtub and tap is open with Red cross mark

During a regular bath, if you are using a bathtub -
  • First, fill the bathtub up to 2 inches with soapy water.
  • To make soapy water-
    • always use any mild colourless and odourless soap or baby soap.
  • Keep another tub ready which contains fresh water.
  • Then, check the temperature of the water with your elbow in both the tubs.

Image: A mother checking the temperature of the water

Image: A mother placing the baby in the bath tub

Image: Addition of water during bathing

  • After you are satisfied with the temperature of the water -
    • very carefully place the baby in the tub which contains soapy water,
    • ensuring that the head is supported always.
  • Do not add extra water when the baby is already in the tub.

Image: Washing the baby’s head

Image: Washing the other body parts of the baby

Image: Washing the baby's genital area

Image: Gently washing the baby with fresh water

To begin with,
  • First, wash the baby’s head by using odourless and colourless baby shampoo or soap.
  • Then gently wash away the soap with fresh water.
  • Next, clean the rest of the body along with the creases and nappy area
    • which is the most contaminated.
  • In the end, gently wash the rest of the body with fresh water.

Image: Traditional Indian method of bathing

Image: A mother is sitting on the floor by spreading legs parallel to each other.

Image: A baby is placed on mother’s legs

On the other hand, if the mother or caregiver wants to give bath to the baby -
  • In the traditional Indian method then -
    • sit on the floor by spreading your legs parallel to each other
    • then, place the baby on your leg
    • baby’s head should be near the mother or caregiver’s feet.
    • Baby’s feet should be near the mother or caregiver’s stomach.
    • now the baby is in the correct position to be bathed.

Image: A mother drying the baby

Collage: Drying the creases of baby's body.

After bathing, dry the baby immediately using soft and clean towels.
  • Remember to dry the creases as explained earlier.

Image: Talcum powder

Image: A mother applying talcum powder on the baby's abdomen.

Image: Surma and kajal

Image: A mother applying kajal or Surma in the baby's eyes.

Image: Breathing difficulties

  • Also avoid using talcum powder or baby powder
  • Baby powders may cause breathing difficulties in newborns.
  • Never use Surmaa or kajal in the eyes
  • Use Surmaa or kajal may lead to lead poisoning and infection in newborns.

Image: Hilly region

Image: Cold region

Interestingly, special care must be taken for the babies -
  • living in hilly areas or
  • Cold regions

Image: Sponge bath

Image: Skin to skin contact

Image: A baby with low body temperature

  • For babies in such places-
    • a quick daily sponge bath can be given before the cord falls off.
  • However, immediately after drying the baby -
    • mother or caregiver must provide skin to skin contact to the baby
  • this will reduce the risk of low body temperature in babies.

Image: Shampooing

GIF: Calendar

Please note that:
  • Shampooing should be done twice a week.
  • Do not shampoo every day as it will cause dryness of the scalp.

Image: Crusty patches

Image: A baby with Cradle cap

Image: Redness around the baby's scalp

It might also happen that a newborn may have -
  • crusty patches or scales on the scalp. This is known as Cradle cap
  • there can be some redness around these patches or the scales.

Image: A baby with Cradle cap

Image: Redness around the scalp

Image: Baby oil

Note that: there is nothing to worry about Cradle cap
  • It will go away on its own and does not need to be treated.
  • Baby oil may help soften the scales.

Image: Applying oil on the baby's scalp

Image: Applying excess of oil on the baby's scalp with the Red cross mark

  • When applying the oil, rub only small amount into the scales.
  • Too much oil may worsen the condition.

Image: Baby Shampoo

GIF: Clock animation

Image: A baby with Cradle cap

Image: Shampooing

Image: Brushing out the scales

Image: Pulling the scales with the Red cross mark

  • Then, wash the baby's hair with a mild tear-free baby shampoo within an hour or two.
  • After that, gently brush out the scales an hour later to avoid more build-up.
  • Never pull the scales as it leads to the sore scalp and further infection.
Acknowledgement slide This brings us to the end of this tutorial on How to bathe a newborn.

Thanks for joining

Contributors and Content Editors

Bellatony911, Rajani st