# DWSIM/C2/Shell-and-Tube-Heat-Exchanger/English

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 Visual Cue Narration Slide Number 1 Title Slide Welcome to this tutorial on Simulating a Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger in DWSIM. Slide Number 2 Learning Objective In this tutorial, we will learn to: Simulate a Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger Calculate the Outlet stream temperatures Calculate Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Calculate Heat Exchange Area Calculate Thermal Efficiency and LMTD Slide Number 3 System Requirements To record this tutorial, I am using DWSIM 4.3 and Windows 7 The process demonstrated in this tutorial is identical in other OS also, such as- Linux, Mac OS X or FOSSEE OS on ARM. Slide Number 4 Pre-requisites To practice this tutorial, you should know how to add components to a flowsheet select thermodynamic packages and add material stream and specify their properties. Slide Number 5 Prerequisite Tutorials and Files The prerequisite tutorials are mentioned on our website, spoken-tutorial.org You can access these tutorials and all the associated files from this site. Slide Number 6 Compounds and Inlet Condition Cold Stream: Water Hot Stream: Methanol Cold Inlet Stream: Mass Flow: 15000 kg/h Mole Fraction(CH3OH): 0 Mole Fraction(H2O): 1 Temperature: 10 degree C Pressure: 1 bar Hot Inlet Stream: Mass Flow: 25000kg/h Mole Fraction(CH3OH): 1 Mole Fraction(H2O): 0 Temperature: 80 degree C Pressure: 5 bar Here, We will develop a flowsheet to determine: Outlet stream temperatures Overall Heat Transfer coefficient and Heat Exchange area. Here we give Compounds and Inlet stream conditions. Slide Number 7 Heat Exchanger Properties Flow type: Counter-Current Cold Fluid Pressure Drop: 0.002 bar Hot Fluid Pressure Drop: 0.025 bar Property Package: Raoult’s Law Here we give Heat Exchanger properties and Property package. Slide Number 8 & 9 Shell & Tube Exchanger Properties Type of Exchanger: 2-8 Shell % Tube Heat Exchanger Total number of tubes: 2048 Tube Spacing: 25 mm Tube Layout: Square Thermal Conductivity of tube: 60 W/m K Tube Roughness: 0.05 mm Fouling Factor (tube side): 0.00035 K m2/W Tube Length: 5 m External Diameter for tube: 20 mm Tube thickness: 2.5 mm Fouling Factor (shell side): 0.00035 K m2/W Shell Internal Diameter: 1000 mm Baffle Spacing : 250 mm Baffle Cut: 25% Fluid in Shell: Methanol Here we give Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger Properties. I have already opened DWSIM on my machine. File >>New Steady-state Simulation Go to File menu and select New Steady-state Simulation. Point to Simulation Configuration Wizard window Simulation Configuration Wizard window appears. Click on Next. At the bottom, click on Next. Type Methanol in the Search tab Now, in the Compounds Search tab, type Methanol. ChemSep database >>Methanol Select Methanol from ChemSep database. Type Water in the Search tab Similarly, add Water. Click on Next. At the bottom, click on Next Point to Property Packages Now comes Property Packages. Property Packages>> Available Property Package Double click on Raoult’s Law From the Available Property Packages, double-click on Raoult’s Law. Click on Next. Then click on Next button. Point to Flash Algorithm We are moved to a new window named Flash Algorithm. Default Flash Algorithm >>Nested Loops (VLE) From Default Flash Algorithm select Nested Loops(VLE) Click Next Click on Next button. Point to System of Units Next option is System of Units. System of Units >> C5 Under System of Units, select C5. Click on Finish At the bottom, click on Finish button. Let us maximize the simulation window for better visibility. Now let’s insert two material streams that enter the Heat Exchanger. Point to Flowsheet Objects. On the right hand side of the main simulation window, go to Flowsheet Objects. In the Filter List tab, type Material Stream In the Filter List tab, type Material Stream. Click and drag Material Stream to the flowsheet From the displayed list, drag and drop a Material Stream to the Flowsheet. Click on MSTR-000 Click on MSTR-000 to view its properties. Type Water In Let’s change the name of this stream to Water In. Now we will specify the Water In stream properties. Input Data>>Flash Spec>>Temperature and Pressure(TP) Go to Input Data. Select Flash Spec as Temperature and Pressure (TP), if not already selected. By default, Temperature and Pressure are already selected as Flash Spec. Input Data >>Temperature >>10C Press Enter Change Temperature to 10 degC and press Enter. Input Data >>Pressure >>1bar Press Enter Change Pressure to 1 bar and press Enter. Input Data >>Mass Flow >>15000kg/h Press Enter Change Mass Flow to 15000 kg/h and press Enter. Now let us specify the feed stream compositions. Composition >>Basis >>Mole Fractions Under Composition, choose the Basis as Mole Fractions, if not already selected. By default, Mole Fractions is selected as Basis. Methanol: 0 Now for Methanol, enter the Amount as 0 and press Enter. Water: 1 Similarly, for Water, enter it as 1 and press Enter. Click Accept Changes On the right, click on this green tick to Accept Changes. Now drag and drop another Material Stream to the flowsheet. Click on MSTR-000 Click on Material Stream “MSTR-001” to view its properties. Type Methanol In Let’s change the name of this stream to Methanol In. Now we will specify the Methanol In stream properties. Input Data>>Flash Spec>>Temperature and Pressure(TP) Go to Input Data. Select Flash Spec as Temperature and Pressure (TP). By default, Temperature and Pressure are again already selected as Flash Spec. Input Data >>Temperature >> 80 degC Press Enter Change Temperature to 80 degC and press Enter. Input Data >>Pressure >>5 bar Press Enter Change Pressure to 5 bar and press Enter. Input Data >>Mass Flow >>25000 kg/h Press Enter Change Mass Flow to 25000 kg/h and press Enter. Now let us specify the Methanol In stream compositions. Composition >>Basis >>Mole Fractions Under Composition, choose the Basis as Mole Fractions, if not already selected. By default, Mole Fractions is selected as Basis. Methanol: 1 Now for Methanol, enter the Amount as 1 and press Enter. Water: 0 Similarly, for Water, enter it as 0 and press Enter. Click Accept Changes On the right, click on this green tick to Accept Changes. Now let’s insert two more material streams that exit the Heat Exchanger. Click and Drag Material Stream to the flowsheet To do that, let us drag one Material Stream. Let us now arrange it. Leave that stream as unspecified. Type Water Out We will change the name of this stream to Water Out. Click and drag Material Stream to the flowsheet Next, we will insert another Material Stream. Let us once again arrange it. Leave that stream as unspecified. Type Methanol Out And name this stream as Methanol Out. Now let us insert a Heat Exchanger into the flowsheet. Go to Flowsheet Objects Go to Flowsheet Objects. In the Filter list tab, type Heat Exchanger. In the Filter list tab, type Heat Exchanger. Click and drag Heat Exchanger to the flowsheet Click on the Heat Exchanger displayed. Drag and drop it to the flowsheet. Click on Heat Exchanger Let us now arrange it as required for better visibility. Let's click on it. On the left, we can see a tab called Property Editor Window. Go to Connections Click on drop down arrow against Inlet Stream 1 Select Methanol In. Under Connections, click on the drop-down against Inlet Stream 1. And select Methanol In. Click on drop down arrow against Outlet Stream 1 Select Methanol Out. Next, click on the drop-down against Outlet Stream 1. And select Methanol Out. Click on the drop down against Inlet Stream 2 Select Water In. Then click on the drop-down against Inlet Stream 2. And select Water In. Click on the drop down against Outlet Stream 2 Select Water Out. Then click on the drop-down against Outlet Stream 2. And select Water Out. Hover mouse at Calculation Parameters Now go to the next section- Calculation Parameters. Here, the first option is Calculation Type. Click drop down against Calculation Type Click on the drop-down against Calculation Type. Select Shell and Tubes Exchanger Ratings Select Shell and Tubes Exchanger Ratings. Click drop down against Flow Direction. Select Counter Current Next, click on the drop-down against Flow Direction Select Counter Current. Cold Fluid Pressure Drop>>0.002 bar Press Enter Then click on the field against Cold Fluid Pressure Drop and enter 0.002 bar. Then press Enter. Hot Fluid Pressure Drop>>0.025bar Click on the field against Hot Fluid Pressure Drop and enter it as 0.025 bar. Press Enter Then press Enter. Click Edit Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Properties Now we will enter the properties of Shell & Tube Exchanger. Click on Edit Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Properties. Shell and Tube Exchanger Properties window opens. Point to Shell and Tube Exchanger Properties window Here, we can see the by default values for Shell and Tube side configurations. First we will edit the Shell Side Configuration. Shell in Series>>1 Click on the field against Shell in Series and enter it as 1 Shell Passes>>2 Click on the field against Shell Passes and enter it as 2 Internal Diameter>>1000 mm Click on the field against Internal Diameter and enter it as 1000 Fouling Factor>>0.00035 K m2/W Click on the field against Fouling Factor and enter it as 0.00035 Baffle Spacing >>250 mm Click on the field against Baffle Spacing and enter it as 250 Baffle Cut(% diameter)>>25% Click on the field against Baffle Cut(% diameter) and enter it as 25 This completes the Shell Side Configuration. Now we will edit the Tube Side Configuration. Internal Diameter>>15 mm Click on the field against Internal Diameter and enter it as 15 External Diameter>>20 mm Click on the field against External Diameter and enter it as 20 Length>>5 m Click on the field against Length and enter it as 5 Fouling Factor>>0.00035 K m2/W Click on the field against Fouling Factor and enter it as 0.00035 Roughness>>0.05 mm Click on the field against Roughness and enter it as 0.05 Thermal Conductivity>>60 W/m K Click on the field against Thermal Conductivity and enter it as 60 Passes per Shell>>4 Click on the field against Passes per Shell and enter it as 4 Tubes per Shell>>1024 Click on the field against Tubes per Shell and enter it as 1024 Tube Spacing>>25 mm Click on the field against Tube Spacing and enter it as 25 Tube Layout>>Square Click on the drop down against Tube Layout and select Square Fluid in Tubes>>Cold Select the option Cold against Fluid in Tubes Now all the Shell & Tube Exchanger Properties are specified. Close the Shell and Tube Exchanger Properties window by clicking red cross mark on the top right of the window. Now we will run the simulation. Click Solve Flowsheet So, from the toolbar, click on Solve Flowsheet button. Click Heat Exchanger When the calculations are completed, click on Heat Exchanger in the Flowsheet. Hover mouse at Calculation Parameters From the Property Editor Window of Heat Exchanger, locate Calculation Parameters section. Check Cold Fluid Outlet Temperature; It is 66.15 degree C Check Hot Fluid Outlet Temperature; It is 40.95 degree C Check Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient; It is 191.83 W/m2 K Check Heat Exchange Area; It is 319.12 m2 Hover mouse at Results From the Property Editor Window of Heat Exchanger, locate Results section. Results Under Results section, check Thermal efficiency; it is 79.05 % Check Log Mean Temperature Difference; it is 21.25 degree C. Now we will check the stream-wise temperature results and Material balance. Insert >>Master Property Table Go to Insert menu and select Master Property Table. Double click on Master Property Table Double-click on the Master Property Table to edit it. Point to Configure Master Property Table Configure Master Property Table window opens. Type Heat Exchanger – Stream Wise Results Enter Name as Heat Exchanger – Stream Wise Results Object Type >>Material Stream Enter Object Type as Material Stream. By default, Material Stream is already selected. So we will not change it. Object >>Methanol Out, Water Out, Methanol In and Water In. Under Properties to display, select Object as: Water In, Methanol In, Water Out and Methanol Out. Configure Master Property Table>>Property Under Property, scroll down to see all the parameters. Now select the properties as: Temperature Pressure Mass Flow Molar Flow Molar Fraction(Mixture) / Methanol Molar Fraction(Mixture) / Water Close this window. Close this window. Move the Master Property Table for better visibility. Here we can see the corresponding results for Inlet and Outlet streams. Now we will check the properties of Heat Exchanger. Insert >>Master Property Table Go to Insert menu and select Master Property Table. Double click on Master Property Table Double-click on the Master Property Table. Point to Configure Master Property Table Configure Master Property Table window opens. Type Heat Exchanger – Results Enter Name as Heat Exchanger – Results. Object Type >>Material Stream Enter Object Type as Heat Exchanger. Object >>HE-004. Under Properties to display, select Object as HE-004 Configure Master Property Table>>Property Under Property, scroll down to see all the parameters. Now select the properties as: Global Heat Transfer Coefficient (U) Heat Exchange Area (A) Heat Load Cold fluid outlet temperature Hot fluid outlet temperature Logarithmic mean temperature difference LMTD and Thermal Efficiency Close this window. Close this window. Move the Master Property Table for better visibility. Here we can see the corresponding results for Heat Exchanger. Let's summarize. Slide Number 10 Summary In this tutorial, we have learnt to Simulate a Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger Calculate the Outlet stream temperatures Calculate Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient Calculate Heat Exchange Area Calculate Thermal Efficiency and LMTD Slide Number 11, 12, 13 & 14 Assignment Compounds and Inlet Condition Cold Stream: Toluene Hot Stream: Styrene Cold Inlet Stream: Mass Flow: 50000 kg/h Mole Fraction(C7H8): 1 Mole Fraction(C8H8): 0 Temperature: 35 degree C Pressure: 6.5 bar Hot Inlet Stream: Mass Flow: 70000kg/h Mole Fraction(C7H8): 0 Mole Fraction(C8H8): 1 Temperature: 150 degree C Pressure: 3.5 bar Heat Exchanger Properties Flow type: Counter-Current Cold Fluid Pressure Drop: 0.002 bar Hot Fluid Pressure Drop: 0.025 bar Property Package: UNIFAC Shell & Tube Exchanger Properties Type of Exchanger: 2-16 Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger Total number of tubes: 1024 Tube Spacing: 75 mm Tube Layout: Square Thermal Conductivity of tube: 70 W/m K Tube Roughness: 0.045 mm Fouling Factor (tube side): 0 K m2/W Tube Length: 5 m External Diameter for tube: 60 mm Tube thickness: 5 mm Fouling Factor (shell side): 0 K m2/W Shell Internal Diameter: 990.6 mm Baffle Spacing : 250 mm Baffle Cut: 25% Fluid in Shell: Styrene As an assignment, Repeat this simulation with different Compounds, feed conditions and Thermodynamics. Slide Number 15 About the Spoken Tutorial Project Watch the video available at following link. It summarizes the Spoken Tutorial project. Slide Number 16 Spoken Tutorial Workshops The Spoken Tutorial Project Team Conducts workshops and Gives certificates For more details, please write to us. Slide Number 17 Forum Slide Do you have questions in this Spoken Tutorial? Please visit this site Choose the minute and second where you have the question. Explain your question briefly. Someone from the FOSSEE team will answer them. Please post your times queries in this forum. Slide Number 18 DWSIM Flowsheeting Project The FOSSEE team coordinates conversion of existing flow sheets into DWSIM. We give honorarium and certificates. For more details, please visit this site. Slide Number 19 TextBook Companion Project The FOSSEE team coordinates coding of solved examples of popular books. We give honorarium and certificates . For more details, please visit this site. Slide Number 20 Lab Migration Project The FOSSEE team helps migrate commercial simulator labs to DWSIM. We give honorarium and certificates. For more details, please visit this site Slide Number 21 Acknowledgements Spoken Tutorial and FOSSEE projects are funded by NMEICT, MHRD, Government of India. Slide Number 22 Thanks This tutorial is contributed by Kaushik Datta and Priyam Nayak. Thanks for joining.