Difference between revisions of "AppsOnPhysics/C3/Ohm'sLawanditsApplications/English"
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{border=1  {border=1  
    
−   '''Visual  +   '''Visual Cue''' 
 '''Narration'''   '''Narration'''  
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* Solve a numerical based on Ohm’s law.  * Solve a numerical based on Ohm’s law.  
* Draw a graph to find the relation between voltage and current.  * Draw a graph to find the relation between voltage and current.  
−  * Solve a numerical based on series and parallel combination  +   
+  '''Slide Number 3'''  
+  
+  '''Learning Objectives'''  
+    
+  * Solve a numerical based on series and parallel combination and  
* Calculate the value of current in the circuit.  * Calculate the value of current in the circuit.  
    
−   '''Slide Number  +   '''Slide Number 4''' 
'''System Requirements'''  '''System Requirements'''  
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−   '''Slide Number  +   '''Slide Number 5''' 
'''Prerequisites'''  '''Prerequisites'''  
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'''https://spokentutorial.org/'''  '''https://spokentutorial.org/'''  
−  
−  
−  
−  
−  
−  
−  
−  
−  
    
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Notice that as we increase the resistance, ammeter shows decrease in the current.  Notice that as we increase the resistance, ammeter shows decrease in the current.  
−  This increase in resistance,  +  This increase in resistance, decrease the current in the circuit. 
    
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−    +   Cursor on the interface. 
Now let us calculate current in the circuit using '''Ohm'''’s law.  Now let us calculate current in the circuit using '''Ohm'''’s law.  
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'''200 '''ohms. '''Using '''Ohm''''s law find the voltage through the circuit'''.'''  '''200 '''ohms. '''Using '''Ohm''''s law find the voltage through the circuit'''.'''  
Let us solve this numerical.  Let us solve this numerical.  
+  
+  Please pause the video and read the numerical.  
First let us change the values of the parameters according to the numerical.  First let us change the values of the parameters according to the numerical.  
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−    +   Cursor on the interface. 
Let us find the relation between voltage, current and resistance using a graph.  Let us find the relation between voltage, current and resistance using a graph.  
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 Click on''' Increase voltage''' button once.   Click on''' Increase voltage''' button once.  
−  Next click on''' Increase voltage''' button.  +  Next click on ''' Increase voltage''' button. 
−  We can click on '''Increase voltage''' button  +  We can click on '''Increase voltage''' button to get the value of voltage in steps of 10 '''V'''. 
Observe the change in the current as we change the voltage.  Observe the change in the current as we change the voltage.  
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 '''Slide Number 8'''   '''Slide Number 8'''  
−  
'''Tabular column'''  '''Tabular column'''  
−  '''show the table with values of voltages.  +  '''show the table with values of voltages. 
Now make a tabular column to note the values of voltage and current.  Now make a tabular column to note the values of voltage and current.  
−  
    
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Make a tabular column to note the values of voltage and current.  Make a tabular column to note the values of voltage and current.  
−  +  
−  +  
−  +  
−  +  
As an assignment,  As an assignment,  
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Make a tabular column to note the values of voltage and current.  Make a tabular column to note the values of voltage and current.  
+    
+   '''Slide Number 13'''  
+  
+  '''Assignment'''  
Change the voltage in the steps of 100 V.  Change the voltage in the steps of 100 V.  
+  
+  Draw the graph and explain your observation.  
+  Change the voltage in the steps of 100 V.  
Draw the graph and explain your observation.  Draw the graph and explain your observation.  
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 Point to show the circuit.   Point to show the circuit.  
−  Here the '''App''' shows a simple circuit. It consists of a resistance and battery.  +  Here the '''App''' shows a simple circuit. It consists of a resistance and a battery. 
    
 Point to '''Voltage of the battery '''and '''Resistance''' text boxes.   Point to '''Voltage of the battery '''and '''Resistance''' text boxes.  
−  Here we can see '''Voltage of the battery '''and '''Resistance''' text boxes.  +  Here we can see '''Voltage of the battery ''' and '''Resistance''' text boxes. 
We can change the values of voltage and resistance using these text boxes.  We can change the values of voltage and resistance using these text boxes.  
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−    +  Cursor on the interface. 
In this '''App''' we will learn about series and parallel combinations of resistances.  In this '''App''' we will learn about series and parallel combinations of resistances.  
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 Click on '''Add resistor in series.'''   Click on '''Add resistor in series.'''  
Point to the resistance value.  Point to the resistance value.  
−  To add  +  To add resistor in series click on '''Add resistor in series '''button. 
Notice that the added resistor is in series with the original resistor.  Notice that the added resistor is in series with the original resistor.  
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 Cursor on the ammeter.   Cursor on the ammeter.  
−  Ammeter is a device of  +  Ammeter is a device of lower resistance value. 
So it allows current to pass through it.  So it allows current to pass through it.  
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 Cursor on the voltmeter.   Cursor on the voltmeter.  
−  That is why it is connected in parallel to allow the current to pass through.  +  That is why it is connected in parallel to allow the current to pass through it. 
    
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 Click on '''Add resistor in series '''for 2 times.   Click on '''Add resistor in series '''for 2 times.  
−  Next click on '''Add resistor in series '''to  +  Next click on '''Add resistor in series ''' to add 2 more resistances. 
Remember that we can only use three resistors in series.  Remember that we can only use three resistors in series.  
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−    +   Cursor on the interface. 
Now let us know how to calculate the series and parallel resistances.  Now let us know how to calculate the series and parallel resistances.  
    
 Click on '''Add resistor in parallel'''   Click on '''Add resistor in parallel'''  
−  Next click on '''Add resistor in parallel '''button.  +  Next click on '''Add resistor in parallel ''' button. 
    
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 Point to the value.   Point to the value.  
−  Here the value of equivalent resistance is 188  +  Here the value of equivalent resistance is 188 ohms. 
    
−    +   Cursor on the interface. 
Let us see how the '''App '''has calculated the value of equivalent resistance.  Let us see how the '''App '''has calculated the value of equivalent resistance.  
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<nowiki>= 187.5 ohm</nowiki>  <nowiki>= 187.5 ohm</nowiki>  
The three resistance are in series combination, so we will add these resistances.  The three resistance are in series combination, so we will add these resistances.  
−  +  This gives the value as 750 ohms.  
−  +  
−  +  
−  +  
−  +  
−  +  
−  +  
This 750 ohms resistance is connected in parallel with a 250 ohms resistance.  This 750 ohms resistance is connected in parallel with a 250 ohms resistance.  
−  To calculate parallel combination we use this formula  +  To calculate parallel combination we use this formula. 
−  
−  +  We will substitute the value of R1 as 750 ohms and R2 as 250 ohms.  
−  I have solved the equation and got the value as 187.5  +  I have solved the equation and got the value as 187.5 ohms. 
    
 Cursor on the equivalent resistance value.   Cursor on the equivalent resistance value.  
−    +  Note that the calculated value is comparable to the observed value. 
    
−    +   Cursor on the interface. 
Let us solve a numerical based on series combination.  Let us solve a numerical based on series combination.  
    
−   '''Slide Number  +   '''Slide Number 14''' 
'''Numerical'''  '''Numerical'''  
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 Enter 20 V in '''Voltage of the battery '''textbox.   Enter 20 V in '''Voltage of the battery '''textbox.  
−  Change the '''Voltage of the battery '''to 20 '''V'''.  +  Change the '''Voltage of the battery '''to 20 '''V''' and press '''Enter'''. 
    
−   Enter 110 ohms in '''Resistance''' textbox.  +   Enter 110 ohms in '''Resistance''' textbox. Press '''Enter'''. 
Enter 110 ohms in '''Resistance''' textbox and press '''Enter'''.  Enter 110 ohms in '''Resistance''' textbox and press '''Enter'''.  
    
 Click on '''Add resistor in series '''button.   Click on '''Add resistor in series '''button.  
−  Click on '''Add resistor in series '''button.  +  Click on '''Add resistor in series ''' button. 
    
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−   '''Slide Number  +   '''Slide Number 15''' 
'''Assignment'''  '''Assignment'''  
−  In a circuit three resistors of resistances 10 ohm, 30 ohm,  +  In a circuit three resistors of resistances 10 ohm, 30 ohm, and 60 ohm are connected in parallel. 
−  and 60 ohm are connected in parallel.  +  
The voltage of the battery is 15 V.  The voltage of the battery is 15 V.  
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−   '''Slide Number  +   '''Slide Number 16''' 
'''Summary'''  '''Summary'''  
−  Using these '''Apps '''we,  +  Using these '''Apps '''we have, 
* Verified Ohm’s Law.  * Verified Ohm’s Law.  
* Solved a numerical based on Ohm’s Law.  * Solved a numerical based on Ohm’s Law.  
* Drawn a graph to find the relation between voltage and current.  * Drawn a graph to find the relation between voltage and current.  
+  
+    
+  '''Slide Number 17'''  
+  
+  '''Summary'''  
+    
* Solved a numerical based on series and parallel combination.  * Solved a numerical based on series and parallel combination.  
* Calculated the value of current in the circuit.  * Calculated the value of current in the circuit.  
    
−   '''Slide Number  +   '''Slide Number 18''' 
'''Acknowledgement'''  '''Acknowledgement'''  
−  These Apps were created by Walter Fendt and his team.  +  These Apps were created by WalterFendt and his team. 
    
−   '''Slide Number  +   '''Slide Number 19''' 
'''About Spoken Tutorial project.'''  '''About Spoken Tutorial project.'''  
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−   '''Slide Number  +   '''Slide Number 20''' 
'''Spoken Tutorial workshops.'''  '''Spoken Tutorial workshops.'''  
−  The  +  The'''Spoken Tutorial Project'''team, 
conducts workshops and gives certificates.  conducts workshops and gives certificates.  
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−   '''Slide Number  +   '''Slide Number 21''' 
'''Forum for specific questions:'''  '''Forum for specific questions:'''  
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−   '''Slide Number  +   '''Slide Number 22''' 
'''Acknowledgement'''  '''Acknowledgement''' 
Revision as of 18:39, 3 August 2020
Visual Cue  Narration 
Slide Number 1
Title Slide 
Welcome to the Spoken Tutorial on Ohm's law and its applications. 
Slide Number 2
Learning Objectives 
At the end of this tutorial you will be able to:

Slide Number 3
Learning Objectives 

Slide Number 4
System Requirements 
Here I am using,
Ubuntu Linux OS version 16.04 Firefox Web Browser version 62.0.3 
Slide Number 5
Prerequisites 
To follow this tutorial, learner should be familiar with Apps on Physics.
For the prerequisite tutorials please visit this site. 
Slide Number 6
Apps on Physics 
In this tutorial we will use
Ohm’s Law and Combinations of Resistors Apps. 
From the phen folder Search ohmslaw.
Right click on the ohmslaw_en.htm file. Select option Open With Firefox Web Browser. 
I have already downloaded Apps on Physics to my Downloads folder.
Right click on the ohmslaw_en.htm file. Select Open With Firefox Web Browser option. Ohm’s Law App opens in the browser. 
Point to the circuit and 200 ohm resistor.  The App shows a simple circuit containing one resistor. 
Point to the following buttons
Increase resistance Reduce resistance Increase voltage Reduce voltage 
Green panel has two yellow buttons for resistance and two blue buttons for voltage.

Click on the Increase resistance button.  Click on Increase resistance button. 
Point to the ammeter in the circuit.
Cursor on the resistance and then on the current. 
Notice that as we increase the resistance, ammeter shows decrease in the current.
This increase in resistance, decrease the current in the circuit. 
Point to show the value at the bottom of the green panel.  The value of current decreased from 0.03 A to 0.02 A. 
Click on the Increase voltage button.  Click on the Increase voltage button. 
Cursor on the voltmeter.  Change in voltage is shown by the voltmeter connected in the circuit. 
Point to the Maximal voltage drop down.  The maximum voltage of a circuit is 10 V. 
Click on Maximal voltage drop down.  Click on the Maximal voltage drop down. 
Move the cursor on the Maximal voltage drop down.  Here we can see various ranges for the maximum voltage.
We can vary the voltage between these measuring ranges. 
Click on Maximal voltage drop down and select 100 v.  From the Maximal voltage drop down select 100 V. 
Point to the Maximal voltage.  Note that we can vary voltage between 1 to 100 V. 
Continuously click on the Increase voltage button.
Point to show the value of voltage u. 
Click on the Increase voltage button continuously.
Notice that the voltage increases in the steps of 10 V. 
Point to the voltmeter in the circuit.  When voltage crosses the maximum voltage range, circuit prompts Maximum exceeded. 
Point to Maximal amperage drop down.
Point to the ammeter in the circuit. 
Note that the Maximal amperage range is 100 mA.
So when the current in the circuit exceeds 100 mA circuit shows Maximum exceeded below the ammeter. 
Cursor on the Maximal amperage.  Let us change the Maximal amperage to 300 mA. 
Click on Maximal amperage and select 300 mA.  Click on the Maximal amperage drop down.
Select 300 milliampere from the drop down. 
Cursor on the interface.  Now let us calculate current in the circuit using Ohm’s law. 
Scroll down the screen.  Scroll down the screen. 
Point to the Law.  Here the App has stated the Ohm’s law.

Press F5 key on the keyboard.  Press F5 key on the keyboard to restart the App. 
Slide Number 7
Numerical The value of current is 0.0300 A and resistance in the circuit is 200 ohms. Using Ohm's law find the voltage through the circuit. 
Let us solve this numerical.
Please pause the video and read the numerical. First let us change the values of the parameters according to the numerical. 
On the interface show this text box.
1 A = 1000 mA 0.03 A = 30 mA From the Maximal amperage drop down select 30 mA.
Point to the resistance in the circuit. Show the increase or reduce resistance buttons. 
For that we have to convert the value of current to milliampere.
1 A = 1000 mA So, 0.03 A = 30 mA Next from the Maximal amperage drop down select 30 mA. Default value of resistance is 200 ohms. 
Show it on the interface.
Ohm’s Law V= IR = 0.0300 x 200 = 6 V 
Let us calculate the value of voltage using the formula.
Substitute the values of current and resistance into the formula. The calculated value of voltage is 6 V. It is same as the value shown in the App. 
Cursor on the interface.  Let us find the relation between voltage, current and resistance using a graph. 
Press F5 key.  Press F5 key on the keyboard to restart the App. 
Select 100 volts from Maximal voltage drop down.  From the Maximal voltage drop down select 100 volts.
From the Maximal amperage drop down select 1 Ampere. 
Click on Increase voltage button once.  Next click on Increase voltage button.
We can click on Increase voltage button to get the value of voltage in steps of 10 V. Observe the change in the current as we change the voltage. 
Slide Number 8
Tabular column show the table with values of voltages. 
Now make a tabular column to note the values of voltage and current.

Point to the value of current at 10 volts.  Go to the interface and check the value of current for 10 V.
The value is 0.05 Ampere. 
Click on Increase voltage button.  Again click on Increase voltage button. 
Slide Number 9
Tabular Column 
Note the value of current at 20 V in the tabular column. 
Slide Number 10
Tabular column 
Similarly I have noted the values of current in the table. 
Slide Number 11
Current v/s Voltage Graph 
Here I have drawn the graph of current v/s voltage.
The graph is linear. Voltage is directly proportional to current in a metallic conductor. Here straight line shows the constant of proportionality, that is resistance. This verifies the Ohm’s law. 
Slide Number 12
Assignment Change the Maximal voltage to 1000 V and Maximal amperage to 10 A. Make a tabular column to note the values of voltage and current. 
As an assignment,
Change the Maximal voltage to 1000 V and Maximal amperage to 10 ampere. Make a tabular column to note the values of voltage and current. 
Slide Number 13
Assignment Change the voltage in the steps of 100 V. Draw the graph and explain your observation. 
Change the voltage in the steps of 100 V.
Draw the graph and explain your observation. 
Show the steps here to open Combinations of Resistor.
Downloads>> html5phen>> phen>>combinationresistors_en.htm 
Let us open the next App.
Open Combinations of Resistor App in a similar way as we opened Ohm’s Law App. 
Cursor on the title.  Combinations of Resistor App opens in the browser. 
Point to show the circuit.  Here the App shows a simple circuit. It consists of a resistance and a battery. 
Point to Voltage of the battery and Resistance text boxes.  Here we can see Voltage of the battery and Resistance text boxes.
We can change the values of voltage and resistance using these text boxes. 
Enter the value 1000 volts in Voltage of the battery textbox and show.  The maximum limit of Voltage of the battery is 1000 V. 
Similarly enter 1000 ohms in Resistance textbox.  The maximum limit of Resistance is 1000 ohms. 
Click on Reset button.  Click on Reset button to get the default values. 
Cursor on the interface.  In this App we will learn about series and parallel combinations of resistances. 
Click on Add resistor in series.
Point to the resistance value. 
To add resistor in series click on Add resistor in series button.
Notice that the added resistor is in series with the original resistor. It also has the same resistance value, 100 ohms. 
Point to the selected resistor then point to the Resistance textbox.
Enter 50 ohms in textbox. 
We can change the value of the selected resistor in the Resistance textbox.
Change the value of Resistance to 50 ohms. 
Cursor at the bottom of the yellow panel.  Here we can see the values of Voltage, Amperage and Resistance of the circuit. 
Cursor on these 2 meters.  At the bottom of the green panel there are two checkboxes for meters.
Voltage and Amperage. 
Click on the Voltage check box.  Click on the Voltage check box. 
Cursor on the resistance that is bold.  Observe that voltmeter is connected to the resistor which is selected by default. 
Uncheck Voltage checkbox.  Uncheck the Voltage checkbox. 
Click on the first resistance.  Click on other resistance in the circuit. 
Click on the Voltage check box.  Again click on Voltage checkbox. 
Cursor on the resistance and voltmeter.  Now the voltmeter is connected to the selected resistance. 
Click on Amperage checkbox.  Next click on Amperage checkbox to see the value of current. 
Point to ammeter and then voltmeter.  Note that ammeter is connected in series and voltmeter is connected in parallel. 
Cursor on the ammeter.  Ammeter is a device of lower resistance value.
So it allows current to pass through it. Hence it is connected in series. 
Cursor on the voltmeter.  On the other hand voltmeter is a device with high resistance.
If we connect it in series it will resist the flow of current in the circuit. 
Cursor on the voltmeter.  That is why it is connected in parallel to allow the current to pass through it. 
Click on Reset button.  Click on the Reset button. 
Enter 250 in Resistance textbox.  Change the value of Resistance to 250 ohms. 
Click on Add resistor in series for 2 times.  Next click on Add resistor in series to add 2 more resistances.
Remember that we can only use three resistors in series. 
Click and move the cursor on the resistors.  Click and move the cursor on the resistors in the circuit.
It shows 750 ohms. This is the value of equivalent resistances in series. 
Cursor on the interface.  Now let us know how to calculate the series and parallel resistances. 
Click on Add resistor in parallel  Next click on Add resistor in parallel button. 
Point to the resistor added parallelly.  Note that a resistor of 250 ohms is added parallelly to the series resistances. 
Click and move the cursor over the resistances.  Again click and move the cursor over the resistances. 
Point to the value.  Here the value of equivalent resistance is 188 ohms. 
Cursor on the interface.  Let us see how the App has calculated the value of equivalent resistance. 
Shown on the interface.
Series and Parallel Resistance R = R1 + R2 + R3 = 250 + 250 + 250 = 750 ohm 1/R = 1/R1 + 1/R2 = 1/ 750 + 1/250 = (250 x 750 )/ (250 + 750) = 187500/ 1000 = 187.5 ohm 
The three resistance are in series combination, so we will add these resistances.
This gives the value as 750 ohms. This 750 ohms resistance is connected in parallel with a 250 ohms resistance. To calculate parallel combination we use this formula.
I have solved the equation and got the value as 187.5 ohms. 
Cursor on the equivalent resistance value.  Note that the calculated value is comparable to the observed value. 
Cursor on the interface.  Let us solve a numerical based on series combination. 
Slide Number 14
Numerical Consider a series circuit with three resistors of resistances 110 ohms, 50 ohms and 180 ohms with a 20 volts battery. Calculate the equivalent resistance and current in the circuit. 
Please pause the video and read the numerical.
Now according to the numerical let us form a circuit on the interface. 
Click on Reset button  Click on the Reset button. 
Enter 20 V in Voltage of the battery textbox.  Change the Voltage of the battery to 20 V and press Enter. 
Enter 110 ohms in Resistance textbox. Press Enter.  Enter 110 ohms in Resistance textbox and press Enter. 
Click on Add resistor in series button.  Click on Add resistor in series button. 
Enter 50 ohms in Resistance textbox. and press Enter.  Change the value of selected resistor to 50 ohms. 
Click on Add resistor in series button.
Enter 180 ohms in Resistance textbox and press Enter. 
Similarly add the third resistor and change the value to 180 ohms. 
Show the textbox for calculation on the interface.
R = R1 + R2 + R3 = 110 + 50+180 = 340 ohms 
As the resistors are connected in series we will add the resistances.
So, the calculated value of resistance is 340 ohms. 
Show the formula first on the interface.
V=IR 
Next to calculate the current in the circuit we will use the ohm’s law. 
Show the formula on the interface.
I = V/R 
Rearrange the equation so as to calculate the value of current. 
I= 20/ 340
= 1/17 = 0.0588 A 
Substitute the value of voltage and equivalent resistance.
Click on the Amperage checkbox to see the value of current. Observe that the values are same. 
Slide Number 15
Assignment In a circuit three resistors of resistances 10 ohm, 30 ohm, and 60 ohm are connected in parallel. The voltage of the battery is 15 V. Calculate the equivalent resistance and current in the circuit. 
As an assignment solve this numerical. 
Let us summarize  
Slide Number 16
Summary 
Using these Apps we have,

Slide Number 17
Summary 

Slide Number 18
Acknowledgement 
These Apps were created by WalterFendt and his team. 
Slide Number 19
About Spoken Tutorial project. 
The video at the following link summarises the Spoken Tutorial project.
Please download and watch it. 
Slide Number 20
Spoken Tutorial workshops. 
TheSpoken Tutorial Projectteam,
conducts workshops and gives certificates. For more details, please write to us. 
Slide Number 21
Forum for specific questions: Do you have questions in THIS Spoken Tutorial? Please visit this site Choose the minute and second where you have the question. Explain your question briefly Someone from our team will answer them 
Please post your timed queries in this forum. 
Slide Number 22
Acknowledgement 
The Spoken Tutorial Project is funded by MHRD, Government of India. 
This is Himanshi Karwanje from IITBombay.
Thank you for joining. 